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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

GSAC XX Round 8 Toss-ups 1. Schweizer’s reagent is prepared by dissolving a copper hydroxide precipitate in a solution of this substance, while the addition of silver nitrate to an aqueous solution of this substance produces Tollens’ reagent. A rhodium-platinum catalyst is employed to convert it to a strong acid in the Ostwald process, and the synthesis of this compound typically requires a ruthenium or iron catalyst. Its hydroxide is commonly used in cleaning agents, and this compound is often used in the production of fertilizers. For 10 points, name this trigonal pyramidal compound most often synthesized through the Haber-Bosch process, with chemical formula NH . 3 ANSWER: Ammonia [accept NH before 3he end] 2. This composer honored friends who had died in World War I in his Le Tombeau de Couperin. One movement of a work by this composer was composed specifically to be harder to play than Balakirev’s Islamey, and another of his compositions is based on a work by the Greek writer Longus and features Pan. This composer of Gaspard de la Nuit and Daphnis et Chloe had his most well-known work commissioned by Ida Rubenstein, and that work featured a snare drum ostinato. For 10 points, name this French composer of Boléro. ANSWER: Joseph-Maurice Ravel 3. This man once punched his ethics professor on the first day of college to prove he could not be bullied, and as a child he was sent to “exorcism day camp” when caught playing Dungeons and Dragons. During a bid for “President of the United States of South Carolina,” this man announced that he would consider a vote for Herman Cain as a vote in his support. He began his own line of Lance Armstrong wristbands to protest Hollywood’s glorification of wrist violence and has claimed to not know what race he is. He harbors a deep-seated phobia of bears and frequently uses the term “truthiness.” For 10 points, name this host of a daily Report. ANSWER: Stephen Colbert 4. This nation defeated the British in the Battle of Cartagena de Indias, fought against the Venetians in the War of the League of Cambrai, and lost the Battle of Chacabuco. It fought against William the Silent in the Eighty Years War, leading to the creation of Belgium. This nation was victorious at Lepanto and fought Napoleon in the Peninsular War. Philip II ruled this nation. For 10 points, name this country that colonized most of South America and launched a namesake Armada against England. ANSWER: Kingdom of Spain [accept Reino de España] 5. In one of this man’s poems, a “vengeful god” exclaims “Know that thy sorrow is my ecstasy,” and in another he speaks of “Some blessed Hope, whereof he knew / and I was unaware.” This author of “Hap” and “The Darkling Thrush” wrote a novel in which a stonemason is tricked into marrying Arabella Donn, and another in which Michael Henchard assumes the title office after selling his daughter and wife. This author of Jude the Obscure and The Mayor of Casterbridge wrote a novel in which Jack Durbeyfield’s daughter marries Angel Clare and murders Alec. For 10 points, name this author of Tess of the d’Urbervilles. ANSWER: Thomas Hardy GSAC XX Round 8 6. One prominent meteorological phenomenon in this planet’s northern hemisphere was observed in 1933 by Will Hay, and two moons of this planet which features the Great White Spot are the only co-orbital satellites in the solar system. The first spacecraft to observe this planet was Pioneer 11, and although it is the least dense planet in the solar system, one moon of this planet is known for its dense atmosphere. The Huygens probe landed on this planet’s largest moon Titan. For 10 points, name this second-largest planet in the solar system that is notable for its ring system. ANSWER: Saturn 7. Anaxarete was turned into one of these after mocking the funeral of her suitor, who hanged himself. Hermes turned the sheppard Battus into this after he told his friends about the god’s theft of cattle, and Laelaps was turned into one of these by Zeus. Phineus and his men were turned into these during a fight with Perseus, as well as the brother of Dictys, King Polydectes. Niobe was turned into this after Apollo and Artemis killed her children, and Perseus avoided turning into this by using a shield as a mirror. For 10 points, name this object, which everything that looks into the head of the Medusa turns into. ANSWER: Stones [accept Rocks or other equivalents] 8. One character in this work delivers phony checks to his mother, who immediately burns them. Another character in this work picks a fight with the hostess’ son at a party and is a Harvard student who commits suicide by drowning himself. The narrator of this work is castrated for embracing a schoolgirl, thinking that it was his sister Caddy. This novel begins with Luster and Benjy walking along the golf course, which was once a large plantation. For 10 points, name this work about the Compson family, a novel by William Faulkner. ANSWER: The Sound and the Fury 9. Early in this man’s military career, he attended the Picardie maneuvers in France as an observer, and while serving in North Africa this man received a wound to the eye as a result of an Italian bomb. His forces recaptured the city of Smyrna from Greece during his nation’s War of Independence, after which he was awarded the title of Gazi. During his presidency, this man introduced his “Six Arrows,” and banned the wearing of the fez. For 10 points, name this man who led the Ottoman defense at the Battle of Gallipoli, the first President of the Republic of Turkey. ANSWER: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk [accept either] 10. Two players of this instrument collaborated to record the album Double Take; those two musicians were Woody Shaw and Freddie Hubbard. This instrument is also played by the first jazz musician to win the Pulitzer Prize for music, Wynton Marsalis, who is the current artistic director of Jazz at Lincoln Center. This instrument was played by the composer of “A Night in Tunisia,” Dizzy Gillespie, who played a “bent” version of this instrument. Another player of this instrument recorded the albums Birth of the Cool and Kind of Blue. For 10 points, name this brass instrument, notably played by Miles Davis and Louis Armstrong. ANSWER: Trumpet GSAC XX Round 8 11. One character in this novel has a recurring dream of two masked men trying to harm her, while another character visits a psychic named Landau, who instructs him to refuse his wife’s request for a divorce. The father of Annie falls off his horse Frou-Frou and loses the race against Gladiator in this novel, and a farmer named Konstantin Levin marries Kitty after his second proposal. The title character convinces herself that Count Vronsky has lost interest in her, and eventually throws herself in front of a train. For 10 points, name this novel by Leo Tolstoy. ANSWER: Anna Karenina 12. This psychologist attempted to create a social movement based on social interest and Ge ⋅mein ⋅schafts⋅ge fühl, or community feeling. He came up with the tentative personality types of getting, avoiding, ruling, and socially useful and advocated a holistic approach to psychology. This psychologist emphasized the influence of birth order on personality and was the founder of the school of individual psychology. He argued that personality could be explained teleologically in his The Neurotic Character. For 10 points, name this Neo-Freudian who coined the term “inferiority complex.” ANSWER: Alfred Adler 13. These systems can be mathematically described by using an elliptic integral to solve a second-order differential equation; those solutions are often simplified to a linear description by using Taylor expansion to replace the sine theta term with theta for small angles. The period of these systems can be approximated as two pi times the square root of length over gravitational acceleration. The double kind of these exhibits chaotic motion, and one of these used to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth was named for Foucault. For 10 points, name these physical systems used to model simple harmonic motion that consist of a mass connected to a string. ANSWER: Pendulums [accept Pendula; prompt on Simple Harmonic Oscillators before “length”] 14. This man worked under Thomas Scott with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company as a telegraph operator, before becoming the superintendent of its Western Division. He founded the Keystone Bridge Company following the Civil War, seeing potential in the iron industry. This man donated almost $50 million to American public library systems in accordance with the ideas he outlined in his “Gospel of Wealth.” This man introduced the idea of “vertical integration” and later sold his namesake company to J.P. Morgan. For 10 points, name this Scottish-American industrialist and millionaire, who greatly expanded the American steel industry. ANSWER: Andrew Carnegie 15. This man depicted Daniel Boone sitting at the door of a cabin with a wooden staff and a dog. In another work by this man, a ray of light shines an old man and an angel on a boat. This man depicted a giant goblet on a cliff in one work, and he created a series of paintings which depicts the four stages of human life. This artist of The Voyage of Life included The Savage State and Desolation as part of The Course of Empire, and his most famous work shows the view of Connecticut River on top of a mountain. For 10 points, name this artist from the Hudson River School who painted The Oxbow. ANSWER: Thomas Cole GSAC XX Round 8 16. This philosopher argued that an “authentic” subject will learn to live without the transcendental and empirical egos, and he discussed “the good and subjectivity” in Notebooks For an Ethics. This thinker asserted in one essay that the title concept “is a humanism” and also claimed that incidental objects are the objects of consciousness. In another work, this author of Transcendence of the Ego categorized the first title concept as “for-others,” “for-itself,” and “in- itself,” and described denial of one’s own freedom as “bad faith.” For 10 points, name this existentialist author of Being and Nothingness. ANSWER: Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre 17. This disease is associated with male infertility caused by congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens. It usually occurs as a result of a mutation that deletes the codon for phenylalanine from the transmembrane conductance regulator protein. Diagnosed using a sweat test, this disorder causes the inability to move chloride ions through cell membranes, leading to the characteristic overproduction of a certain fluid. For 10 points, name this autosomal recessive disorder in which the lungs produce dangerously viscous mucus. ANSWER: Cystic Fibrosis [accept CF] 18. One major beachhead in this conflict was codenamed “Blue Beach,” and the landings that took place there were designated as Operation Sutton. This conflict saw the only wartime use of the Avro Vulcan strategic bomber, as well as fierce fighting at Goose Green. The Sheffield was sunk during this conflict, and over half of one side’s casualties in this war resulted from the sinking of the General Belgrano. It was started by an invasion by Leopoldo Galtieri. For 10 points, name this war, in which Margaret Thatcher led the UK against Argentina over the namesake islands. ANSWER: Falklands Islands War [accept Malvinas War or South Atlantic War] 19. This author wrote a play in which the invalid Amal dreams of receiving a letter from the king. One of this author’s plays sees the revolutionary Sandip stay in the home of Nikhil and Bimala, while another play by this author of The Post Office tells of a revolution against a gold- obsessed king led by Nandini. This author of Red Oleanders and The Home and the World composed Jana Gana Mana, the Indian national anthem, and William Butler Yeats wrote the introduction to his most famous poetry collection. The author of Gitanjali, For 10 points, name this Bengali poet. ANSWER: Rabindranath Tagore 20. Samaritans make pilgrimages to Mount Gerizim on this holiday. The Maharal of Prague hypothesized that cups of a beverage traditionally imbibed during it represent women from this holiday’s religion. One traditional food item is consumed while reclining during this holiday, although women may be required to sit upright, and that item must be eaten before midnight. In some cases, chametz may be symbolically sold to gentiles rather than burned prior to it. The Four Questions and matzo are parts of this holiday. For 10 points, name this Jewish holiday celebrating an event that saw houses marked with lamb’s blood spared from the tenth plague. ANSWER: Passover [accept Pesakh] GSAC XX Round 8 TB. One chamber work by this composer was written for Richard Muhlfeld shortly after his retirement. This composer of a Clarinet Quintet in B minor created a double concerto for violin and cello, and he composed a D minor companion to one of his most famous works. This composer of a Tragic Overture also created a set of Hungarian Dances, and his first symphony was nicknamed “Beethoven’s Tenth.” The conferral of an honorary degree from the University of Breslau prompted him to write his Academic Festival Overture. For 10 points, name this composer of A German Requiem and a namesake lullaby. ANSWER: Johannes Brahms GSAC XX Round 8 Bonuses 1. A bright square lantern in the middle serves as the main source of light for this painting. For 10 points each: [10] Name this work in which a man wearing yellow pants raises his arms as a group of French soldiers p
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