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Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

GSAC XX Round 9 Toss-ups 1. Although this nation is not Israel, a Six Day War was fought in its city of Kisangani, and its capital city was the site of the first known infection of HIV-1 in humans. The Commission of Repression of Economic Crimes was established by this nation’s President Joseph Kabila to repair damage caused by the rule of Mobutu Sese Seko, and this country’s Makombo Massacre was cause by the LRA. Once a colony owned by Leopold II of Belgium, For 10 points, name this Central African nation with capital at Kinshasa, formerly known as Zaire. ANSWER: Democratic Republic of the Congo [accept République Démocratique du Congo; accept Congo-Kinshasa before “Kinshasa” is read; prompt on Congo; prompt on Zaire until “President”; do not accept “Republic of the Congo” or “People’s Republic of the Congo”] 2. Linus Torvalds once criticized this language on the grounds that some of its features promoted bad practice. One extension he mentioned, Boost, adds capabilities in mathematics, image processing, and operating system interaction, and provides a way to do template metaprogramming. Name mangling is used by this language to implement polymorphism, and printing to StdOut in this language is done with “c-out” followed by two angle brackets. For 10 points, name this programming language designed by Bjarne Stroustrup, once known as C with Classes. ANSWER: C++ [accept C with Classes before end; do not accept “C”] 3. In this work, a small mug can be seen next to a fisherman on the bottom right, and a small rock structure with an entrance can be seen on the right side of a white cliff formation. A man with a staff stares at the sky with a dog next to him, and around that man is a group of white sheep. A ship in full sail can be seen above the title figure in this work, in which a farmer plows the field with his horse at the highest elevation of the painting. Nobody in the painting notices the two legs of the title figure, which can be seen flailing in ocean. For 10 points, name this painting largely attributed to Pieter Bruegel the Elder. ANSWER: Landscape with the Fall of Icarus 4. Eman is killed as a “carrier” in one work from this country. Sidi chooses to marry the Bale over Lakunle in one play from this country, while in another Pilkings arrests Elesin to prevent his ritual suicide. Another author from this nation wrote a novel in which Captain Winterbottom jails Ezeulu, who then refuses to perform the Feast of the New Yam. The Lion and the Jewel and Death and the King’s Horsemen are plays set in this country, which also produced a work that sees Ikemefuna executed by Okonkwo. For 10 points, name this country, the home of Wole Solyinka and the setting of Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart. ANSWER: Federal Republic of Nigeria [accept Alexander Oluwole Wole Soyinka or The Strong Breed before “country”] 5. One line in this work states that “he who shall have done an atom’s weight of good shall behold it.” Another part says that Joseph would have succumbed to Potiphar’s wife “had he not been shown a sign from his Lord.” People who memorize this work are known as hafiz and are permitted to intercede on the behalf of ten people at Judgment Day. The Cave of Hira was the first site of the revelations said to be recorded verbatim in this work, and its chapters include “The Cow,” “The Cave,” and “The Night Journey.” For 10 points, name this work divided into 114 suras and revealed by the archangel Jibreel to Muhammad, the holy book of Islam. ANSWER: Koran [accept Qur’an] GSAC XX Round 9 6. One scene in this work sees Dancaïre flee for the hills, and another sees a corporal of dragoons being taunted about his mother. Lillas Pastia’s inn is the site for the return of that corporal, who was arrested for a month after failing to arrest the protagonist. That title protagonist is famous for predicting the death of Don José in her Cards Aria, and her habanera calls Love “a rebelling bird.” This opera’s most famous number is “Votre toast, je peux vous le rendre,” featuring Escamillo singing about his work as a bullfighter. For 10 points, name this Bizet opera best known for the Toreador song. ANSWER: Carmen 7. The culprit most likely responsible for this man’s death was Oswald Rayner, who was carrying a Webley .455 revolver. Following the February Revolution, this man’s body was dug up and burned in a forest, where he supposedly sat up in the fire. The Tsarina invited this man upon the advice of Anna Vyrubova, and water found in his lungs suggests the possibility of drowning in the Neva River. As this man’s fame as a mystic increased, he became more influential in the court of Nicholas II. For 10 points, name this man who healed Alexei Romanov’s hemophilia. ANSWER: Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin 8. This element’s namesake “fusion test” is used to determine the presence of halogens, nitrogen, or sulfur in organic compounds, and it is commercially produced from the Downs process. Often stored under oil, this element was first isolated by Sir Humphrey Davy through the electrolysis of lye, which is this metal’s hydroxide. This highly reactive element produces a bright yellow flame in flame tests, and its bicarbonate is baking soda. For 10 points, name this alkali metal with symbol Na, whose chloride is table salt. ANSWER: Sodium [accept Na before mention] 9. One national park in this state contains the “Waterpocket Fold,” and another national park in this state contains the “Fiery Furnace” and the “Devil’s Garden.” This state that contains Capitol Reef National Park also owns a huge expanse of canyons and plateaus in its Canyonlands National Park. One of this state’s national parks contains over two thousand of its namesake structures. Bryce Canyon National Park and Arches National Park are in this state, and its oldest and most-visited national park is Zion National Park. For 10 points, name this state which contains the Great Salt Lake. ANSWER: Utah 10. This man wrote a poem which opens with the lines “I do not know much about gods; but I think that the river / Is a strong brown god.” This man included “The Dry Salvages” in his Four Quartets, and he described an evening “spread out against the sky / Like a patient etherized upon a table” in another poem. He contemplated that the world ends “not with a bang but a whimper” in one work, and repeatedly stated that “Women come and go / Talking of Michelangelo” in another. His most famous works begins with the line “April is the cruelest month.” For 10 points, name this author of “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” and The Waste Land. ANSWER: Thomas Stearns Eliot GSAC XX Round 9 11. This thinker argues that society can foster moral behavior through an “invisible church” and that humans are essentially evil in his Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. In another work he differentiates between the beautiful and sublime, and claims that aesthetic judgments have universal validity. He defined enlightenment as “Sapere aude,” or “Dare to know,” and this author of Groundwork on the Metaphysics of Morals differentiated between a priori and a posteriori truth. For 10 points, name this Prussian philosopher who developed the categorical imperative and wrote Critique of Pure Reason. ANSWER: Immanuel Kant 12. This composer utilized the tune of “In the Bleak Midwinter” in his hymn tune “Cranham,” and he translated hymns of the Rig Veda and poems of Kalidasa, which he set to music to create the chamber opera Savitri. This composer of St. Paul’s Suite used the poem “I Vow to Thee, My County” in his hymn tune “Thaxted,” and one of his compositions contains movements with subtitles such as “The Winged Messenger” and “Bringer of Jollity.” For 10 points, name this English composer, best known for his suite beginning with “Mars” and ending with “Neptune,” The Planets. ANSWER: Gustav Theodore Holst 13. One character in this novel somehow manages to obtain four boxes of lobster and is killed by shrapnel while being carried to safety. Another character in this novel is beaten by his subordinates as revenge for his earlier cruelty to them. That character, Corporal Himmelstoss, carries Haie Westhus to safety after the latter is mortally wounded. The protagonist of this novel kills the Frenchman Gerard Duval in hand-to-hand fighting, and he was encouraged to enlist by his schoolmaster Kantorek. For 10 points, name this novel by Erich Maria Remarque detailing the horrors of the First World War. ANSWER: All Quiet on the Western Front [accept Im Westen nichts Neues] 14. One lawyer in this case wrote the newspaper column “A Bystander’s Notes,” calling for resistance against the central law in this case. That lawyer, Albion Tourgée, was hired by a “committee of citizens” as a lawyer for the plaintiff five years before it. The law in question in this case was called a “badge of servitude” by the lone dissenter, Justice John Marshall Harlan, and the “octoroon” plaintiff in this case resisted an 1890 Louisiana law by refusing to sit in a segregated railroad coach. For 10 points, name this 1896 court case which upheld the constitutionality of “separate but equal.” ANSWER: Plessy v. Ferguson [accept either underlined name; accept Ferguson v. Plessy] 15. In this process, a reduced form of thioredoxin is used to activate several enzymes, and in some instances, malate is stored in vacuoles and converted to malic acid. Six molecules of G3P are produced by the end of this pathway, which are reduced via a reaction involving NADPH. Nnine molecules of ATP are consumed to complete this pathway, whose first step sees carbon fixated onto RuBP by the enzyme RuBisCo. The light-independent reactions make up, For 10 points, what cycle that takes place in the stroma of chloroplasts during photosynthesis? ANSWER: Calvin-Benson-Bassham Cycle [accept C3 Cycle or Reductive Pentose Phosphate Cycle; accept Dark Reactions or Light-Independent Reactions before “light-independent”; prompt on photosynthesis before the end] GSAC XX Round 9 16. This anthropologist co-wrote a pamphlet arguing against racial prejudice and promoting a united world against fascism titled “The Races of Mankind.” This author also published works about the religion and folklore of Native Americans, such as in her Tales of the Cochiti Indians. She argued that the “personality” of the title concept determines the traits of individuals within certain groups, comparing the Zuñi and Dobu people, and she also studied Japanese society and contrasted the guilt and shame cultures. For 10 points, name this female anthropologist who wrote Patterns of Culture and The Chrysanthemum and the Sword. ANSWER: Ruth Fulton Benedict 17. This goddess is accompanied by her wild boar Hildisvíni, and this figure weeps tears of red gold in loneliness when her husband Od is absent. This deity is accused of engaging in sexual relations with her brother in one poem, whose title character stole one of her items while disguised as a flea. She takes half of those who are slain in battle to Fólkvangr, while the rest are taken to Valhalla. She slept with the four dwarves to gain the necklace Brísingamen. For 10 points, name this Norse goddess of love and beauty and the sister of Freyr. ANSWER: Freya [accept Freyja; do not accept “Frey” or “Freyr”] 18. A group of elite male youth from this region was known as Hwarang, and pirates were suppressed by Jang Bogo in this region. One dynasty in this region signed the Treaty of Kanghwa, and one kingdom in this region gained dominance under king Gwanggaeto the Great, who became the first to unite Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla. One general from this region famously used the “crane wing” formation and turtle ships to repel its invading forces. For 10 points, name this region once led by the Joseon dynasty, which is currently divided by the demilitarized zone along the 38th parallel. ANSWER: Korean peninsula [accept Silla before “Gwanggaeto”] 19. One character in this work drowns in the Thames while fighting with another, who had previously been deported to New South Wales. Another character in this work stands too close to a fire while wearing her wedding dress, and that character lived in Satis House after her fiancé, Compeyson, left her. The protagonist of this novel gives a pork pie and brandy to the escaped convict Abel Magwitch, and he eventually marries her illegitimate daughter, Estella, who had been adopted by Miss Havisham. For 10 points, name this coming-of-age novel about the orphan Pip, a work by Charles Dickens. ANSWER: Great Expectations 20. The presence of this phenomenon in a semiconductor causes band-bending. The divergence of this quantity is the charge density over permittivity according to Gauss’ Law, and Maxwell added the displacement current term to Ampere’s Law to describe how a magnetic field is produced by a time-varying one of these. It is always zero inside a conducting sphere by the shell theorem, and it is inversely proportional to the square of distance for charged particles. For 10 points, name this vector field defined as force per unit charge. ANSWER: Electric Field [accept E-field] GSAC XX Round 9 TB. The reverse shocks associated with this process can cause the leftover material to be overionized. Neutrinos are responsible for releasing gravitational potential energy in one type of this process. A drop in photon pressure due to increased pair production causes the "pair instability" variety. T
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