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Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

GSAC XX Round 10 Toss-ups 1. This man was kidnapped on his way to being a hostage in Sumpu, and after the Battle of Okehazama, he betrayed the Imagawa clan to form an alliance with his former captors. During the Battle of Komaki and Nagakute, this man successfully fought alongside Oda Nobukatsu, allying with the loser years later. This man defeated the remains of the Toyotomi clan during the Siege of Osaka, and he gained power after defeating Ishida Mitsunari and unifying the country by winning the Battle of Sekigahara. For 10 points, name this Japanese warlord who ruled from Edo and established his namesake shogunate in 1603. ANSWER: Tokugawa Ieyasu 2. One law gives the frequency of these events as ten to the power of a constant a minus a constant b times their strength. These events can cause liquefaction, and Inge Lehmann used these events to predict the existence of the inner core. They frequently occur at strike-slip faults such as the San Andreas Fault. The moment magnitude scale replaced the Richter scale for measuring the strength of these events, and the point on the earth’s surface directly above the focus of these events is the epicenter. For 10 points, name these geological events which occur near faults and result in the shaking of the earth. ANSWER: Earthquakes 3. This artist depicted a dead horse being eaten by a group of birds, next to which is a giant lobster. A black woman stares at the two concubines in this artist’s The Women of Algiers, and a group of tormented souls surround a boat as three figures cross the River Styx in The Barque of Dante. He also depicted the massacre of Greeks by Ottoman soldiers, as well as an Assyrian king watching the murder of his concubines. For 10 points, name this artist of The Death of Sardanapalus, who depicted a bare-breasted woman holding a tri-color flag in Liberty Leading the People. ANSWER: Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix 4. This author wrote a novel in which Tony, Charis, and Roz encounter their dead classmate Zenia, while in another work, Marian bakes a woman-shaped cake after being unable to eat any food. This author of The Robber Bride and The Edible Woman also created a character that become the grandmaster of Extinctathon, while her most famous novel features the Republic of Gilead, in which Offred is forced to serve The Commander. For 10 points, name this Canadian author of Oryx and Crake and The Handmaid’s Tale. ANSWER: Margaret Eleanor Atwood 5. Devadatta plotted to kill this figure by releasing a drunken elephant, and this figure rejected asceticism after nearly drowning in a river. He became sick after consuming the meal served by Kunda, and this figure refused the crown of Magadha after traveling there with his horse Kanthaka. He gave his first sermon in the Deer Park, and he left his princely life after seeing an old man, a sick man, and a corpse. He once meditated under a Bodhi tree. For 10 points, name this “Enlightened One” who was the first to achieve nirvana, the founder of a namesake religion. ANSWER: Siddhartha Gautama [accept Buddha] GSAC XX Round 10 6. A male figure bends backward in an attempt to grab his lover in one section of this work known as Fleeting Love. Three figures can be seen on the top of this work with each person reaching out one hand in a semi-circle. This work which includes The Three Shades also displays a sculpture originally titled The Poet, which depicts a seated man with his hand underneath his chin. For 10 points, name this set of bronze doors which represents the scenes from Dante’s Inferno, a work by Auguste Rodin. ANSWER: The Gates of Hell [accept La Porte de l’Enfer; accept Fleeting Love or Fugit Amor before the end of the first sentence] 7. Before this conflict, one ruler came to power after heeding advice from Alexius Komnenos I to kill his father-in-law. This conflict saw Kilij Arslan win the Battle of Dorylaeum, and the Battle of Ascalon is considered its final engagement. Participants included Godfrey of Bouillon and Raymond of Toulouse, and Walter the Penniless and Peter the Hermit led peasants in this conflict. This war saw the creation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. For 10 points, name this war called for during the Council of Clermont by Pope Urban II, which was the first attempt to retake the Holy Land. ANSWER: First Crusade [prompt on Crusades] 8. This statement implies that the compressibility factor is always equal to one, and one term in an equation derived from it squares the term n over V. That modification to this law introduces the variables a and b, and this statement is dependent on the assumptions that particles do not take up space and that all collisions between molecules are perfectly elastic. Intermolecular forces are accounted for in a modification of this equation by van der Waals. For 10 points, name this equation of state that combines Boyle’s, Charles’, and Avogadro’s laws, often written as P V equals n R T. ANSWER: Ideal Gas Law 9. Pelé predicted that Nicky Barmby will become a top star in these events, only to see him never even appear in one. A green-haired leopard named Zakumi was the mascot of one of these events, and an octopus named Paul predicted the results of the most recent one. Thierry Henry displayed his best imitation of Maradona’s “Hand of God” in one of its qualification stages, and Marco Materazzi was headbutted by Zinedine Zidane in the finals of one of this event. The golden glove was given to Ike Casillas in its last iteration, which was won by Spain. For 10 points, name this soccer tournament that will be held in Brazil in 2014. ANSWER: FIFA World Cup 10. This author wrote a poem in which the speaker describes the “silence of astounded souls” in “Crossing the Water.” One speaker by this author states that “I shall never get you put together entirely,” while another claims that “Perfection is terrible, it cannot have children.” This author of “The Colossus” claims to “eat men like air” in one work, while in another, the speaker describes “a man in black with a Meinkampf look” before declaring “you bastard, I’m through.” This author of “Lady Lazarus” and “Daddy” created a character who interns at the Ladies’ Day magazine in New York City, Esther Greenwood. For 10 points, name this author of The Bell Jar. ANSWER: Sylvia Plath GSAC XX Round 10 11. This man interpreted verbal operants and other variables of language in one work, and he was accused of experimenting on one of his daughters in a temperature-controlled crib known as “baby tender.” This man planned the use of pigeon-guided missiles during World War II, and he developed a form of conditioning in which the behaviors of individuals change following reinforcement and punishment. In one work, this man argues that a technology of human behavior is needed, and that the title concepts ultimately lead to self-destruction. For 10 points, name this American psychologist and behaviorist who coined the term operant conditioning. ANSWER: Burrhus Frederic Skinner 12. One of this man’s flute concertos has the nickname “With Mute” because all the string parts are muted for all three movements, and this composer of thirty seven bassoon concertos wrote a flute concerto titled La Notte. This composer of Orlando Furioso included his most well-known compositions in The Contest Between Harmony and Invention, and one of his works features a shepherd afraid of a violent storm in its “Summer” movement. For 10 points, name this Italian composer, nicknamed the “Red Priest,” who wrote The Four Seasons. ANSWER: Antonio Vivaldi 13. The protagonist of this work is bothered by the heat during his mother’s funeral and later states that he does not believe in God when shown a small silver crucifix. That character invites his former co-worker Marie Cardona to a movie, and he later encounters Salamano crying because of the disappearance of his dog. He agrees to help his friend Raymond take revenge on his girlfriend and is ultimately guillotined to death after shooting an Arab on the beach. For 10 points, name this novel about Mersault written by Albert Camus. ANSWER: The Stranger [accept L’Etranger or The Outsider] 14. In this conflict Captain Henry Glass swiftly captured territory using the USS Charleston, and the Battle of Yauco occurred during it. The victors of this conflict had to put down the Moro Rebellion and this war saw the use of “reconcentration” camps. “Fighting Joe” Wheeler led a failed charge on Las Guasimas during this conflict which was caused in part by the de Lome letter. Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders charged up San Juan Hill in, for 10 points, what “splendid little war” which saw the use of “yellow journalism” and was sparked by the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine? ANSWER: Spanish-American War 15. Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease is caused by clumping of mitochondria in these structures, which synthesize catecholamines from phenylalanine and use g-proteins to induce metabotropic effects. One disease involving them is caused by damage to the substantia nigra, and another is caused by the formation of plaques around them. Schwann cells and nodes of Ranvier are parts of their soma, and glial cells make up the myelin sheath. These cells function by action potentials and employ neurotransmitters. Synapses are the gaps between, For 10 points, what cells that possess dendrites and axons and are an integral part of the nervous system? ANSWER: Neurons GSAC XX Round 10 16. This thinker invented the idols of the cave, tribe, theater, and marketplace to describe human misperception of reality, and he wrote about an ideal college on Bensalem named Salomon’s House. This philosopher who criticized Aristotelian syllogism pioneered the inductive method in one work and described an island utopia in another. For 10 points, name this English philosopher, the creator of the scientific method and author of The New Atlantis and Novum Organum. ANSWER: Francis Bacon 17. This god gave Oenomaus four horses that were faster than the wind, and his son Cycnus was killed when he foolishly challenged Heracles to a duel. This god was once captured by Otus and Ephialtes and trapped in a bronze jar, and he freed Thanatos from the chains of Sisyphus. Cadmus killed a dragon owned by this god while establishing Thebes, and he is often credited with fathering Romulus and Remus. This god was caught in a net created by Hephaestus, and he fathered Phobos and Deimos with Aphrodite. For 10 points, name this Greco-Roman god of war. ANSWER: Ares [accept Mars] 18. Benno Ohnesorg was killed by a policeman while protesting a visit by the Shah of Iran to this nation. The Guillaume Affair unseated one Chancellor of this nation, after a highly-placed aide was revealed to be a spy. That chancellor was the head of the Social Democratic Party and promoted “ostpolitik.” Operation Vittles kept supplied residents of one city in this nation using a fifteen-month airlift after the Soviet Union began that city’s namesake blockade. For 10 points, name this Cold War-era nation that was formed from the merger of French, British, and American occupation zones and reunited with its Eastern counterpart in 1990. ANSWER: West Germany [accept Westdeutschland; prompt on Federal Republic of Germany or Bundesrepublik Deutschland] 19. The protagonist of this work throws a dictionary out the window in the beginning, and she later tricks Lord Styne into giving her double the money she needs. After the death of his wife, Sir Pitt proposes a marriage to the protagonist, who is already engaged to his son Rawdon. Captain Dobbin succeeds in reconciling Mr. Obsorne to his son’s wife, who is left by herself to care for her child after the death of George during the Battle of Waterloo. For 10 points, name this work including characters like Amelia Sedley and Becky Sharp, a novel by William Thackeray. ANSWER: Vanity Fair: A Novel without a Hero 20. A generalization of this statement to quantum mechanical operators is known as the Ehrenfest theorem. The motion of simple harmonic oscillators can be described by setting Hooke’s law equal to one form of this statement, and when mass is not constant, one side of it is rewritten as the time derivative of momentum. Free body diagrams are often used in conjunction with this statement, and weight is found by replacing one term in this law with a constant approximately equal to 9.8 meters per second squared. For 10 points, name this law of motion which states that force is equal to mass times acceleration. ANSWER: Newton’s Second Law of Motion [prompt on partial answer] GSAC XX Round 10 TB. During this civilization’s Renaissance, one of its leaders named Shulgi completed an iconic religious building project before raiding the region of Lulubum. An earlier ru
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