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Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

GSAC XX Round 12 Toss-ups 1. Problematic instances of these data structures are found with algorithms named for Floyd and Brent. Several of these data structures are combined in a probabilistic data structure comparable to balanced trees. These data structures can be indexed in big O of n time. CAR and CDR are used for these structures in LISP, and stacks and queues are most often implemented using them. Sentinel nodes are used in implementations of these structures to make the last element point to something other than null. For 10 points, name these data structures, a type of list where each node contains a pointer to the next one. ANSWER: Linked Lists [prompt on Lists] 2. This work utilized materials from a rooftop at Bell Labs in order to match a certain distinctive color, and its original headgear was changed to a crown. The seven rays on the top of this work were built to represent the continents of the world, and one part of this work was designed by Richard Morris Hunt. A tablet appears in the left hand of the figure in this work, which also features broken shackles around the feet. This work also famously contains an engraving of the poem “The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus. For 10 points, name this sculpture designed by Fredéric Bartholdi, which is located in New York Harbor as a gift from France. ANSWER: The Statue of Liberty [accept Liberty Enlightening the World or La Liberté éclairant le monde] 3. The Will o’the Wisp is a part of this composer’s Winterreise, and Stravinsky composed his Circus Polka using a theme from one of this man’s most famous works. This composer of Marche Militaire composed two symphonies in C Major nicknamed “Little” and “Great.” This composer of the incidental music for Rosamunde also composed the string quartet Death and the Maiden after discovering that he was dying. For 10 points, name this German composer of several hundred lieder and the Unfinished Symphony. ANSWER: Franz Peter Schubert 4. Detachments of this organization participated in the Siege of Al-Dāmūs under the leadership of Pedro de Montaigu, who was later appointed as its Grand Master prior to the capture of Damietta. This organization was formally endorsed at the Council of Troyes due to the support of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux. Its assets were absorbed by the Knights Hospitaller after its demise, and after being charged with heresy, members of this organization were burned to death at the order of Philip IV. For 10 points, name this Christian Crusading order with headquarters at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, whose members often wore clothing emblazoned with a red cross. ANSWER: Knights Templar [accept Templars or Order of the Temple or Ordre du Temple or Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon] 5. One character in this novel carries a bag with her parent’s bones in it and competes for the affections of Pietro Crespi with her sister. Her adoptive father is chained to a tree after going crazy and only speaks in Latin. Another character ascends to heaven while sewing sheets, whose name is Remedios the Beauty, and a plague of insomnia causes victims to forget their lives, which is cured by the gypsy Melquíades. Golden fishes are made by Colonel Aureliano in, For 10 points, this novel set in Macondo that features the Buendia family, a work of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. ANSWER: One Hundred Years of Solitude [accept A Hundred Years of Solitude or Cien Años de Soledad] GSAC XX Round 12 6. Aspirin is formed by reacting acetic anhydride with one of these compounds. One member of this class of compounds is formed in the contact process, and aqua regia is a mixture of two of these substances. Polyprotic types of them exhibit multiple equivalence points. Lewis theory defines them as electron pair acceptors, while the Bronsted-Lowry definition describes them as proton donors. For 10 points, name these compounds which produce hydrogen ions in solution and have pH values below 7. ANSWER: Acids [accept Salicylic Acid or 2-Hydroxybenzoic Acid before “class”] 7. In one creation myth, this figure was created from Nu, the watery chaos which covered the world. In another creation myth, this god sprung forth from a lotus flower and used his spit to create the god of the air and the goddess of moisture, Shu and Tefnut. This deity would use the boats “Mandjet” and “Mesektet” every day and night to travel through the sky. He is usually pictured with a disk on his head, and pharaohs eventually began to be referred to as “sons of” this deity. For 10 points, name this deity commonly linked to Atum and Amun, the sun god of Egyptian mythology. ANSWER: Ra [accept Re] 8. In this story, a bell sounds at four o’clock in the morning, before knocking is heard. Earlier, the narrator of this story is peeved by a sound similar to one that “a watch makes when enveloped in cotton” while standing quietly with a lantern. He later offers chairs to three policemen in this work, and chooses to sit above three certain floor planks himself. The narrator of this story is haunted by an old man’s “vulture eye,” which drives the narrator to commit murder. For 10 points, name this short story written by Edgar Allen Poe, in which the narrator is tortured by the beating of the title object. ANSWER: “The Tell-Tale Heart” 9. This man was involved in a conflict during which one nation launched a successful offensive across the McMahon line. The States Reorganization Commission was created by this man to rearrange state boundaries in his nation with respect to linguistic lines. Upon being inaugurated, he called for members of the Constituent Assembly to take a “pledge of dedication” during his “Tryst with Destiny” speech. His daughter was assassinated after ordering Operation Blue Star, and he co-founded the Non-Aligned Movement alongside Nasser, Sukarno, and Tito. For 10 points, name this father of Indira Gandhi and first prime minister of India. ANSWER: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru [accept Panditji] 10. This city is home to St. Isaac’s Cathedral, and the “White Nights” occur here. A fortress in this city has the same names as two men assassinated here, one of whom was supposedly murdered by the lover of Count Orlov. This city, home to the Peter and Paul Fortress, was built on land conquered from Sweden. Granite embankments surround the river Neva in this city, which is known for causing disastrous floods. Home to the Smolny Institute and the Winter Palace, For 10 points, name this former capital of the Russian Empire founded by Peter the Great. ANSWER: Saint Petersburg [accept Sankt-Peterburg] GSAC XX Round 12 11. One story by this author sees a character with a law degree from the University of Salamanca convince himself that he is made of glass. Tomas Rodaja, Pedro Rincon, and Diego Cortado appear in a series of short stories by this author named Exemplary Novels. Another of this author’s characters is defeated in a duel by the Knight of the White Moon, and earlier in that work he falls in love with Dulcinea. That character promises Sancho Panza governorship of an island and battles windmills that he believes are giants. For 10 points, name this Spanish author of Don Quixote. ANSWER: Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra 12. This thinker added aether, the “divine” substance, to the four traditional elements. He laid out the four causes of change in his Physics and also claimed that the “hyle,” or matter of an object, remained constant through change in his Metaphysics. This thinker proposed that humans should seek to achieve eudaimonia, or a state of happiness, in a work named for his son, and he discussed catharsis as a key element of tragedy in another work. For 10 points, name this philosopher who wrote Nicomachean Ethics and Poetics and was the founder of the Lyceum. ANSWER: Aristotle 13. Some members in this group of organisms use apicoplasts to achieve a parasitic relationship with animals. These organisms can protect themselves by forming protective coatings known as cysts, which can defend these microorganisms against toxic chemicals in extreme temperatures. Members of this group of organisms mainly use pseudopods, flagella, or cilia for motion, and examples of members in this group of organisms are amoeba and red algae. For 10 points, name this kingdom of eukaryotic organisms, some of which are characterized as plant-like or animal- like. ANSWER: Protista [accept Protists] 14. In one battle of this war, Commodore John D. Sloat and the U.S. Pacific Squadron won the Battle of Monterey unopposed, as the enemies had left the city beforehand. One campaign saw a joint attack by forces under Stephen Kearny and John Frémont, leading to the Treaty of Cahuenga. Abraham Lincoln criticized President Polk’s handling of the beginning of this war in his “spot resolutions,” and it also saw the first use of American amphibious warfare during Winfield Scott’s siege of Veracruz. For 10 points, name this war ended by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which began as a border dispute following the annexation of Texas. ANSWER: Mexican-American War 15. This artist depicted a green-faced figure walking toward the viewer in The Murderer, and in another work, he depicted a group of amorphous-looking figures dancing in pairs. This artist of The Dance of Life depicted his Madonna with a red halo, and he depicted his sister Sophie in a green bed next to a black-clothed figure. He included works such as The Sick Child and Vampire in his Frieze of Life series, and he painted a contorted figure performing the title action beneath a red-orange sky. For 10 points, name this Norwegian painter of The Scream. ANSWER: Edvard Munch GSAC XX Round 12 16. This man believed that sympathy and self interest were complementary, and he theorized that gratitude prompted man towards reward while resentment prompted man towards punishment. He wrote that sympathy arose from a desire to follow natural laws in his The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and in another work, he described smuggling as a legitimate practice in the face of unnatural law. He used a pin factory to demonstrate the efficiency of division of labor. For 10 points, name this Scottish economist who wrote about an “invisible hand” in The Wealth of Nations. ANSWER: Adam Smith 17. This property can be measured using a Zahn cup, and for special cases, shear stress can be calculated as the product of shear strain and this property. Measuring this is the goal of the pitch drop experiment, and one unit this quantity is measured in is poise. Stokes’ law gives drag force for a spherical object as six pi times radius times velocity times this property, and the Reynolds number is the ratio of inertial forces to forces caused by this. This property has a constant value for Newtonian fluids, and it exists in kinematic and dynamic forms. For 10 points, name this term for a fluid’s resistance to flow. ANSWER: Viscosity 18. On one front, this man fought two campaigns against Tahmasp, whereas on another, he allied with Francis I. This man’s reign saw his chief architect Minar Sinan construct hundreds of monuments, and this ruler established the Kanun Laws. This ruler forced the Knights Hospitaller out of Rhodes, leading to their establishment on Malta. The husband of Roxelana, this ruler executed his longtime friend, the Grand Vizier Ibrahim following accusations of conspiracy by this ruler’s Minister of Finance. For 10 points, name this “Lawgiver,” an Ottoman sultan. ANSWER: Suleiman the Magnificent [accept Suleiman I or Suleiman the Lawgiver before “Lawgiver”; prompt on Suleiman] 19. One of this man’s works begins by exulting, “How exquisite the scents / Snatch’d from yon bean-field!” This author wrote the Conversation poems, as well as a poem in which the narrator describes how “the night is chilly, but not dark” as the title character enters the woods to pray. He wrote a poem inspired by opium-induced visions of the river Alph and a “stately pleasure- dome.” This author of “Christabel” also wrote about how a sailor’s life is won by Life-in-Death after the unprovoked slaying of an albatross. For 10 points, name this author of “Kublai Khan” and The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. ANSWER: Samuel Taylor Coleridge 20. In one vision, this figure described a monster with three ribs in its mouth and another with “great iron teeth” that had ten horns. He described four kingdoms while interpreting a dream involving a figure made of gold, silver, bronze, and iron. He was nearly executed for praying three times a day, but was saved through divine intervention. Three of his companions survived being thrown into a fire for refusing to worship an idol, and he famously interpreted mysterious writings that foretold the fall of Babylon. For 10 points, name this figure who survived a night in a lions’ den, the subject of his namesake book in the Old Testament. ANSWER: Daniel GSAC XX Round 12 TB. One of these structures named after Trajan was constructed by Apollodorus of Damascus to aid in deployment of troops during the Dacian Wars. Another, nicknamed “Galloping Gertie,” collapsed in 1940 due to aeroelastic flutter caused by powerful winds; the remains of that structure
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