Class Notes (809,757)
United States (313,853)
GCU 114 (17)

Thanksgiving Theses-Topics..doc

14 Pages
Unlock Document

Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

Silk Road/Indian Ocean- Ch. 7 Societies Chart China Europe Africa POLITICAL Start at Tang -Imperialistic -Stateless, tribal, STRUCTURES -Tang depended on monarchy under non-centralized BEGINNING Buddhism but soon Rome groups; no hated, expansion/ -Centralized particularly large or conflict with others government powerful states over Tarim River -Large empires -song split up into 3 -Reason: provinces, fighting -Different time differences in over power period 600 society -Song-industrial, feudalism, monarch /environment caused un-unified, is in power caused hard however not -manor system uniformity. Also oppressive or Different languages. conquest.. Paid Different natural tribute to Jin and impediments Liao (geography) -Confucianism prevented any became more used invasion no uniform culture MIDDLE -turning point -Shift- gradual (gradual): -Mongol invasions -Increase in Participation in and creation of economy with trade along Indian Yuan favorable Ocean maritime -unification of three temperatures, trade route & separate states and increase in farming spread of Islam encourages technology -Improvement in restoration and -Trading cities grew ship building & preservation of in power due to harnessing of Chinese Bubonic plague monsoon winds government (after 1200) -Confucians (some -Increased long were included distance contacts, appointed by construction of Khubilai) as larger ships à bureaucrats had shipments of cotton lower status textiles, pepper, food grains, timber, etc… -Increase in the importance of luxury goods for wealthy individuals, such as precious metals, rare spices, and textiles Cause of Change: Collapse of Silk Road trade with Black Death, Islamic invasions -rise of Indian Ocean maritime trade network in Africa, factors that made Islam a suitable religion, caravan trade. END Ming dynsasty- -nobles, church, Centralized unified monarch conflicts government & Zhu Yuanzhang over power wealthy empire, -provincial structure -Hundred years war increased influence -closed off trade to shows uncertainty of Islam all peoples, end of of power as -Mansa Musa the trade that the England and -1324, pilgrimage Mongol Empire France fought to helpfully linked -Small kingdoms Mecca=opportunity together -Independent to display Mali’s trading states, wealth with 80 greater packages of 122 centralization of oz. gold and 500 power, more fixed gold staffs, control national boundaries of gold. - magna carta - Politically powerful 1215- the and prosperous, agreement for the economic base the king were constructed on subject to long-distance trade, established law, structured confirmed the government (power independence of in hands of rulers, the church and city priests, and wealthy of London, nobles citizens) hereditary rights, this brought more power to to nobles although the commoners still had no say in gov’t (basically, government was not all powerful, had to combat the church and the nobles) CONTINUITY/GLO influenced by belief monarch at head -Persistence of BAL TREND system in GT:Bubonic Plague Islamic influence. government :D Although empires -buddhism -killed a lot of rose and fell, small -neo-confucianism people, making villages lasted less people who throughout Africa’s demanded more history. Decline of Global Trends: “ rights Silk Road & “ Bubonic Continuity: overland trade à Plague, Power/Influence of increased Christianity on importance of govenrment maritime trade systems. Global Trend: Spread of Islam globally & Black Death, fall of Silk Road & its impacts (under Mongolian rule) à growth of maritime trade, particularly in Indian Ocean networks, as in Ming China (shown by voyages of Zheng He in 1433) TRADE -Grand Canal -Feudalism/Manor -Mali: trade began BEGINNING -Tributary Sytem system regionally with Cu -High demand of ingots form upper silk and porcelain Zambezi Valley, for grape wine, NaCl, and local sugar spices manufactures, -increase knowledge of compass design, navigation, however black plague spread with increase of trade -Song- junk facilitated , more industry, exam causing more people to come for knowledge, -credit MIDDLE -Invasion of BUBONIC -Mali:14-15 Mongol; Yuan PLAGUE! Century=Au into -safer trade rouges; -serfs more INDIAN OCEAN silk road, independent and thus Zimbabwe at -Il-khan works have can ask for higher peak of political and reached china of wages economic pwr egineering, -1240 Mali founded astronomy, and Depended on a math well-devleoped -Muslim doctors agricultural base and control of the regional and trans- Saharan trade routes. They also controlled the core trading area of the upper Niger and the gold fields of the Niger. Control of the important gold and copper trades and contracts with North African Muslim traders gave Mali and its rulers significant prosperity. When Mansa went through Cairo the value of gold there remained depressed for years. --Kilwa was the Swahili’s Coast most important commercial center. from there Au went through the Great Zimbabwe to the Zambezi R. END -Ming-Since -Guilds because the mongols fell they -Trans-European ecological system used the silk road Trade the empire less because was -Champagne Fairs declines- does this less efficient/safe. -Hanseatic League realate to the end of Used maritime ecomomy? connected with -1250 to 1500 about korea vietnam and 30 to 40 city states japan rose due to the -however over time trade that provided the chinese a lot of profits became full of (Indian Ocean themselves and Maritime System) isolated themselves from the central asia CONTINUITY/GLO Global Trend: Gold remained BAL TREND Bubonic plague Africa’s upper hand Continuity: Cities in all trading cities. offer more freedom The gold was than rural places mined throughout i.e. Freedom if live Africa. Although there for 1 year India had mines. Its Royal charters that gold had run out by allowed cities to be 1200. Most of the exempt from rule of gold was found in local nobles the so
More Less

Related notes for GCU 114

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.