EXW 330 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Triceps Brachii Muscle, Sagittal Plane, Biceps

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Published on 18 Oct 2016
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Exam 1 study guide
What do novel movements in sport (such as the Fosbury Flop) have to do with kinesiology?
Be ale to proide a lear, orret defiitio of kiesiolog. Ho does kiesiolog differ fro eerise
siee, eerise phsiolog ad other subfields in the health sciences?
Kinesiology: mechanics and anatomy biomechanics
Exercise science: mechanics of exercise physiology more generalized topic physical activity
Know all anatomical positions, axes of rotation, (limited to the ones we discussed in Lecture) and be able to
characterize specific movements using these terms.
Anatomical positions / axes
1. Sagittal plane (anteroposterior) frontal axis
2. Frontal plane (coronal) sagittal axis
3. Transverse (horizontal) vertical, longitudinal axis
4. Diagonal
Movement terms
1. Abduction / adduction frontal plane, sagittal axis
2. Flexion / extension sagittal plane, frontal axis
3. External (away from midline) /internal rotation (towards midline) longitudinal axis
4. Dorsi and plantar flexion
5. Pronation ankle dorsiflexion + subtalar eversion + forefoot abduction
6. Supination ankle plantar flexion + subtalar inversion + forefoot adduction
Anatomical terms
Bilateral both sides
Contralateral opposite sides
Ipsilateral same side
Inferomedial below and towards midline
Inferolateral bellow and away from midline
What is a joit? Ho do e lassif joits?
Joint: any point where two bones meet whether or not the bones are moveable at the interface names
typically come from the joints involved
Classifications
Structure (call also determine function)
1. Fibrous (synarthrodial tibia/fibula) ex. Skull: very little movement
2. Cartilaginous (amphiarthrodial) r/l pubic bones
3. Synovial (diarthrodial) slippery clear, nutrient rich, very movable
Function
1. Synarthrodial (immovable articulation) suture lines of the skull
2. Amphiarthrodial (slightly movable articulation) ribs
3. Diarthrodial (freely movable articulation) ligaments might effect mobility
Joint pathologies
Arthritis: inflammation of the joint
Bursitis: inflammation of the brusae
Dislocation: disturbed joint position
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