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HST 101
Tom Wang

WHAP Chapter 23 Pre-Test Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that best answers the question or completes the statement. 1. In the early seventeenth century, rivalries among European powers: a. decreased b. intensified c. remained the same d. disappeared 2. The revolutionary era of the eighteenth century was triggered by: a. the desire for democratic institutions b. fiscal crises in Britain and France caused by the high cost of European wars c. the Industrial Revolution d. colonies wishing to form nation-states 3. Major eighteenth-century wars in Europe included: a. the War of Spanish Succession b. the War of Austrian Succession c. the seven Years War d. All of the Above 4. The Enlightenment was the intellectual movement in which: a. the methods and questions of the Scientific Revolution were applied to human society b. the methods and questions of the Confucian examination system were applied to society c. the methods and ideology of the Protestant Reformation were applied to society d. the ideas of the Renaissance were applied to society 5. One of the most radical ideas established in the Enlightenment era was that government: a. could not impose unwanted taxes b. authority rested on the consent of the governed c. had to respond to calls for reform d. was responsible for controlling business 6. Monarchs such as Catherine the Great of Russia and Frederick the Great of Prussia: a. protected religious institutions from new ideas b. censored all books and pamphlets c. supported many Enlightenment thinkers d. persecuted Enlightenment thinkers 7. The modern pencil was invented in a. France b. England c. China d. Germany 8. Benjamin Franklin was an example to European intellectuals that America was: a. the home of immoral womanizers b. breeding experimenters rather than intellectuals c. a particularly healthy environment for genius d. the home of second-rate intellectuals 9. Women were instrumental to the dissemination of new political ideas by: a. purchasing and discussing books of the era b. contributing as writers and commentators c. bringing together thinkers in their homes, or salons d. all of the above 10. The Enlightenment’s intellectual most deeply influenced: a. the middle class b. the poor c. the nobility d. the clergy 11. Folk cultures: a. were framed by the memory of shared local historical experience b. emphasized local rather than national loyalties c. composed an expression of right and obligation connecting the people and their ruler d. all of the above 12. In the eighteenth century, the common people sometimes expressed their outrage over: a. the granting of the right to vote to women b. violations of popular customs c. the failure of European monarchs to proceed quickly with reforms d. African slavery 13. At the time of the American Revolution, the British king was: a. George III b. Henry V c. Richard III d. Henry VIII 14. What was the result of the Amerindians’ intensifying their hunting practices? a. It raised fur prices b. It endangered some species c. It angered the British d. All of the above 15. Which Amerindian chief drove the British from some western outposts and raided Virginia and Pennsylvania? a. Crazy Horse b. Lenape c. Pontiac d. Chief “Triangle” 16. The Proclamation of 1763 and the Quebec Act of 1774 were intended to a. keep colonists from provoking wars with Indians by taking land b. address problems of colonial representation c. keep the colonists from complaining about taxes d. acquire more territory for the Crown 17. The American frontier wars of the eighteenth century: a. did not directly threaten British authority b. were not very destructive c. were not very costly d. threatened Dutch authority 18. The Stamp Act of 1765 required that colonists pay a tax on: a. all correspondence and mail b. everything printed on paper c. newspapers and pamphlets d. official transactions, such as selling land 19. Which 1770 event radicalized public opinion throughout the American colonies? a. the “Molly Pitcher Incident” b. the Stamp Act c. the “Boston Massacre” d. the Quebec Act 20. Britain appointed Thomas Gage as governor of Massachusetts. Gage was: a. an archbishop of the Anglican Church b. a diplomat c. a military man d. a university professor 21.Common Sense, the pamphlet that stirred up anti-British sentiment on the eve of the American Revolution, was written by: a. John Locke b. Thomas Paine c. John Jay d. Patrick Henry 22. The Battle of Saratoga in 1777 was most important because it: a. brought the French into the war b. was a great military victory for the colonists c. drove the British back to the coastal areas d. drove the Hessians out of the war 23. The first U.S. constitution, the Articles of Confederation, failed because: a. it taxed the states too heavily b. it gave too little power to the legislature c. its powers were too limited d. it failed to create a judiciary 24. The Constitutional Convention of 1787 is called “ the Second American Revolution” because: a. it came just after the peace with England b. the delegates pushed aside the announced purpose an in secret wrote a new Constitution c. of the fighting at the conven
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