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HST 101
Tom Wang

Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 3: Tossups 1. In its liquid form, this element is strongly paramagnetic. Tetrahydrofuran contains one atom of this element, which is found in ketones, aldehydes, and ethers [“EE-thurs”]. Like sulfur, it usually forms two covalent bonds and has two lone pairs. This element is found in ozone, and its diatomic form makes up 20% of Earth’s atmosphere. For 10 points, name this gaseous element with symbol O. ANSWER: oxygen [prompt on O until it is read] 2. One man with this surname ordered Baron Haussmann to renovate Paris and abdicated following his defeat at the Battle of Sedan. Another leader with this last name became king of Naples and Spain despite being defeated at Baylen in the Peninsular War. The most famous man with this last name signed the Treaty of Pressburg after his victory at Austerlitz, but was defeated at Leipzig and Waterloo. For 10 points, give this last name of several leaders named Napoleon. ANSWER: Bonaparte [accept Buonaparte] 3. Aphrodite gave three of these objects to Hippomenes, who used them to win a footrace and marry Atalanta. Some of these objects were stolen by Hercules for his 11th labor and found in the Garden of the Hesperides. Another of these objects, which was thrown at the wedding of Thetis and Peleus, was labeled “for the fairest”, and was claimed by Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. That object was made of gold and owned by Eris. For 10 points, name these fruits, a poisoned one of which was eaten by Snow White. ANSWER: apples [accept golden apples before “gold” is mentioned] 4. During this battle, Joseph Longstreet led an assault through Devil’s Den. The 20th Maine and Joshua Chamberlain defended Little Round Top at this battle, which saw the Confederate line centered on Seminary Ridge. This battle ended after three days with Pickett's charge. A speech given after this battle began with the line “Four score and seven years ago.” For 10 points, name this Pennsylvania Civil War battle that was honored by its namesake address given by Abraham Lincoln. ANSWER: Battle of Gettysburg 5. This court case was preceded by a lawsuit against Eliza Emerson. It stemmed from the transport of the plaintiff to Fort Snelling in Minnesota. This court case, overseen by Chief Justice Roger Taney, effectively voided the Missouri Compromise and forbade people of African-American descent from attaining American citizenship. For 10 points, name this 1857 Supreme Court case that ruled against the citizenship of a certain Missouri slave. ANSWER: Dred Scott v. (John F.A.) Sandford [accept Sandford or Sanford (a common misspelling)] 6. A player for this sports team was the last man to hit above .400 in a season. Outfielders for this team have included Tris Speaker, Carl Yastrzemsky and the “Splendid Splinter.” This team broke the “Curse of the Bambino” behind the bats of Manny Ramirez and David Ortiz when they won the World Series in 2004. The left field wall at their home ballpark is known as the Green Monster. For 10 points, name this rival of the New York Yankees, a baseball team from Boston that plays in Fenway Park. ANSWER: Boston Red Sox [also accept Boston before it is mentioned] 7. In one of this author’s novels, characters such as Settembrini and Naphtha engage in philosophical debates. Another of this man’s novels chronicles the lives of the title Lubeck merchant family. This author’s protagonists include a character obsessed with the young boy Tadzio, named Gustav von Aschenbach, as well as a character who visits a sanatorium in the Swiss Alps, named Hans Castorp. For 10 points, name this German author of Death in Venice and The Magic Mountain. ANSWER: Thomas Mann 8. This composer was inspired by a Cardinal Newman poem to write The Dream of Gerontius. This man’s Cello Concerto in E minor was inspired by Basil Nevinson, who was depicted along with this composer’s “closest friends” in a piece that includes sections titled “C.A.E.,” “Dorabella,” and “Nimrod.” This man also composed a march often played at graduations. For 10 points, name this English composer of the Enigma Variations and Pomp and Circumstance. ANSWER: Edward Elgar 9. The speed of a bullet can be measured using the ballistic type of this device. The double type exhibits chaotic motion. The period of this device is 2 pi times the square root of L over g, and is independent of the mass. Foucault used one of these devices to demonstrate the rotation of the earth. Using a small angle approximation, this device can be approximated as a simple harmonic oscillator. For 10 points, name this type of device consisting of a swinging weight at the end of a string. ANSWER: pendulum [prompt on simple harmonic oscillator] 10. At the end of this novel, the protagonist is taken home by Don Pedro, but is repulsed by him and prefers the company of horses to humans. The protagonist of this novel is also underwhelmed upon meeting Alexander the Great and other historical figures on Glubbdubdrib. This novel also features excursions to Brobdingnag, which is inhabited by giants, and Lilliput, where the protagonist is tied down by its tiny inhabitants. For 10 points, name this novel by Jonathan Swift. ANSWER: Gulliver’s Travels [or Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of several Ships] 11. One city in this state contains McCovey Cove. Highway 1 runs through the Big Sur along this state’s coast. This state’s most populous city includes the neighborhood of Compton, and the Rose Bowl is hosted by this state’s city of Pasadena. San Joaquin, Death, and Silicon Valleys are located in this state, whose capitol is Sacramento. For 10 points, name this largest state on the west coast, home to San Francisco and Los Angeles. ANSWER: California 12. In one novel by this author, Harriet Winslow is hired to tutor the Miranda children; later in that novel by this author, Ambrose Bierce disappears. This author wrote the novels Aura and Terra Nostra, as well as a novel about the last moments of a tycoon who reflects on his life from his deathbed. For 10 points, name this Mexican author of The Old Gringo and The Death of Artemio Cruz. ANSWER: Carlos Fuentes 13. This organ secretes the hormone calcitriol. Calyxes surround its Malpighian pyramids. Another structure found here is enclosed by Bowman’s capsule. The Loop of Henle found in this organ concentrates its main product and, along with the glomerulus, makes up this organ’s basic functional unit. Failure of this organ may be alleviated through dialysis. For 10 points, name this organ made up of nephrons, which filters wastes from the blood and excretes them as urine. ANSWER: kidneys 14. This geometric figure can be graphed parametrically as “x = a cosine theta” and “y = b sine theta”. It is defined as the locus of points whose sum of distances to two fixed points is constant. This figure’s area equals pi times the product of its semi-major and semi-minor axes. Like the parabola and hyperbola, it is a conic section. Kepler stated that planetary orbits take on this shape. For 10 points, name this curved geometric shape which resembles a squashed circle. ANSWER: ellipses [do not accept “oval”] 15. Mendelssohn’s symphony of this number includes a “Dresden amen,” and Tchaikovsky’s symphony of this number preceded his Pathetique. This number is the scale degree of the dominant in a diatonic scale and describes the interval between adjacent strings of a violin. B major has this many sharps in its key signature. This was the number of composers in the Russian “Mighty Handful.” For 10 points, name this number of notes in a pentatonic scale and number of musicians in a quintet. ANSWER: five [accept word forms like fifth] 16. After Muhammad II of Khwarezm beheaded one of this leader’s ambassadors, a war erupted, resulting in this ruler's forces' sacking of Urgench and Samarkand. This ruler was succeeded by his third son Ogedei, and his attempt to conquer the Jin dynasty forced the Jin out of Yanjing. His given name was Temujin, and he created the largest contiguous land empire in world history. For 10 points, name this legendary founder of the Mongol empire. ANSWER: Genghis Khan [be lenient on pronunciation (e.g. Chingis, Zingis, and Jingis are all fine); accept Yuan Taizu; accept Borjigin Temujin before it is read] 17. One of this man’s novels contains characters like Caleb and Aron Trask, who dies in World War I. Another of this man’s works centers on the friendship of the migrant workers George and Lennie. A third novel by this man tells of the Joad family’s journey from Oklahoma to California in the midst of the Dust Bowl. For 10 points, name this American author of East of Eden, The Grapes of Wrath, and Of Mice and Men. ANSWER: John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr. 18. This artist’s work in London included several views of Charing Cross Bridge and the Houses of Parliament. This man painted a series depicting Rouen Cathedral at different times of day. This painter of Haystacks created a series of 250 depictions of the water lilies in his garden at Giverny. In one painting, this man depicted small boats on the Le Havre harbor in the morning. For 10 points, name this French painter whose Impression, Sunrise gave the Impressionist movement its name. ANSWER: Oscar Claude Monet 19. One part of this action requires participants to walk seven times between the two hills of Safa and Marwah. Another part involves the recitation of a religious text on Mount Arafat. Participants in this action perform Ramy al-Jamarat, a symbolic stoning of the devil. This action includes the Tawaf, during which participants point toward, touch, or kiss a black stone while circling the Kaaba seven times. For 10 points, name this fifth pillar of Islam, a pilgrimage to Mecca. ANSWER: hajj [prompt on pilgrimage to Mecca or similar answers (before it is mentioned)] 20. This quantity is meaningless in a monopoly because the firm sets its own price. The aggregate form of this quantity at full employment is represented by a vertical line at a position called the natural rate of output. OPEC decreased this quantity for oil in the 1970s, causing a namesake shock that led to stagflation in the United States. Its namesake curve slopes upwards. For 10 points, name this measure of how much of a good a company will provide at a given price, often contrasted with demand. ANSWER: supply TIEBREAKER 21. One series by this author includes novels such as The Bride of Lammermoor, The Heart of Midlothian, and a work narrated by Frank Osbaldistone, Rob Roy. The title work of that series, which is set in the Jacobite rebellion of 1745, is Waverly. In another novel by this author, King Richard the Lion-Hearted and Robin Hood rescue Cedric the Saxon and his son, who later marries Lady Rowena. For 10 points, name this English author of Ivanhoe. ANSWER: Sir Walter Scott Fall Novice Tournament 2011 Round 3: Bonuses 1. A few days before his suicide, this artist painted a seated man clutching his face in despair in At Eternity’s Gate. For 10 points each: [10] Name this Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who cut off his own earlobe after chasing Paul Gauguin with a razor. ANSWER: Vincent van Gogh [10] This painting by van Gogh depicts Saint-Remy at night under a swirling, luminous sky. It is based on the view from outside the artist’s sanitarium window. ANSWER: The Starry Night or De sterrennacht [10] This painting by Van Gogh shows five lumpy peasants sitting around a table under a dim light and consuming the title food. ANSWER: The Potato Eaters or De aardappeleters 2. This war began following the Second Defenestration of Prague, during which Protestant Bohemians threw Catholic regents out of a window. For 10 points each: [10] Name this religious war fought primarily in modern-day Germany between 1618 and 1648. It included battles at Breitenfeld and Rocroi. ANSWER: Thirty Years’ War [10] This Swedish king earned the epithet “Lion of the North” for his military success during the Thirty Years’ War, including a victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld. He was killed at the Battle of Lützen. ANSWER: Gustavus Adolphus or Gustav II Adolf [10] Composed of the treaties of Osnabruck and Munster, this agreement ended the Thirty Years’ War. It gave its name to the resulting system of sovereign European states. ANSWER: Peace of Westphalia 3. This state is home to the Jewel Cave system and is bisected by the Missouri River. For
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