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Class Notes for Religious Studies at Arizona State University

REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Ramadan, Five Pillars Of Islam, Quraysh
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REL 100 Lecture 23 Islam Views of the Quran: Uncreated (Eternal) Word of God untranslatable only distorted revelation restoration not reformation Adam was first prophet every child is Muslim no original sin Judaism versus ...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: John Calvin, Medina, Hajj
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REL100 Lecture 22 Islam Review of Christianity: John Calvin was iconoclastic 16th c. Reformation main focus on sermon In Protestantism, Gods grace working through faith alone will secure personal salvation. In Catholicism,...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Roman Citizenship, Synoptic Gospels, Saint Peter
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REL 100 Lecture 21 Christianity Christianity Separates from Judaism: Before the destruction of 2nd temple (before 70 CE, Pauls time) GodFearing Gentiles (nonJews) enter Christian community Council of Jerusalem (48 CE) crit...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Sharia, Rabbinic Judaism, Jesus Movement
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REL 100 Lecture 20 Christianity Review: Jews and Muslims do not believe in the Original Sin (AdamEve). Babies are born innocent. Christianity does believe (easier to commit evil). Christ = Messiah = anointed = chosen by Go...

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REL 100 Lecture 19: Judaism and Christianity
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REL 100 Lecture 19 Judaism and Christianity Major Cultural Centers of Jewish History: Babylonia Egypt (Alexandria) Septuagint Spain under Muslim rule Sepharads (Jews from Spain or Mediterranean Jews) Jewish mysticism or Ka...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Oral Torah, Sadducees, Essenes
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REL 100 Lecture 18 Judaism Effects of Exile: synagogues temple ritual not emphasized Sabbath service (worship, study, psalms) written word important Diaspora (Babylon became center for Jewish life) scriptures = oral tradit...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Mosaic Covenant, God Speaks, Oral Torah
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REL 100 Lecture 17 Judaism Covenants: covenant = pacts between God and Israel includes Gods promise 1st Covenant was Noah 2nd Covenant was Abraham 3rd Covenant was Moses Abraham: migrated from Ur covenant with God in Haran...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Oral Torah, Book Of Leviticus, Book Of Deuteronomy
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REL 100 Lecture 16 Judaism Judaism Today: shaped more by Rabbinic tradition (Oral Torah) than biblical exegesis (written Torah) Jews are not a single racial, cultural, or ethnic group. All forms of Judaism accept converts....

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Tower Of Silence, Archangel, Frashokereti
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REL 100 Lecture 15 Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism: living religion but experiencing decline had some influence on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam heavenhell Satan Judgement Day All four religions believe in one allpowerful...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Filial Piety, Junzi, Analects
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REL 100 Lecture 14 Confucianism and Taoism Religious Tradition: Taoism and Confucianism developed into religious traditions after Buddhism entered China. 1st century CE Differences between Taoism and Confucianism: Wuwei wa...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Taoism, Taiwan Journal, Zhang Daoling
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REL 100 Lecture 13 Daoism Wu Wei: In life: nonaction, inaction, nonpurposiveness refrain from overly aggressive action and taking an intentional action contrary to natural flow action without egoassertion (have no ambition...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Shang Dynasty, Taoism, Wu Xing
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REL 100 Lecture 12 Taoism and Confucianism TaoismConfucianism: Goal: restore virtue and order in China concerned with social order dont agree on method to use did not invent DaoQiYinYang (invented before Axis Age in the ti...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Kamidana, Vairocana, Kojiki
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REL 100 Lecture 11 Taoism Shinto: Buddhist counterpart of Kami Nachi Waterfall = Bodhisattva of CompassionKaruna (Nachi=Kannon) Kami counterpart of Buddha Vairocana = Amaterasu (sun goddess) Kojiki = has creation myth, eme...

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REL 100 Lecture 10: Shinto
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REL 100 Lecture 10 Shinto Similarities between Religions Originating in East Asia: Shinto, Daoism, Confucianism world actually exists (not an illusionmaya) goal is to live in harmony with the universe, no moksha (escapin...

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REL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Git, Harijan, Trimurti
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REL 100 Lecture 4 Early Hinduism or the Religion of the Vedic Age Contd The Upanishad Revolution: Interiorization of religiosity and seeking immortality Individuals struggle to free the inner Self from matter Classical P...

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