Understanding disease and healing holistically
• Diseases of civilization: proximate sickness resulting from ultimate factors linked with
o Diabetes in Pima N.A.
o Expansion of malaria
• Medicalization: labeling ad treating problems medically rather than addressing the underlying
cultural forces, structural suffering, or environmental factors
• Over-medicalization can be dangerous
Illness, disability, and social identity
• In many ways that can depend on who is affected and for how long
• Is it intrinsic to the individual’s social identity? To their personal identity?
• Major force of cultural change involving the process of intense global interconnectedness and
movement of goods, information, and people
• Some important things to know
o What is being globalized?
o What historical and technological developments facilitate globalization?
o What mechanisms reinforce globalization?
o Is the process an equal exchange? From where is the majority of cultural change
When did we become global?
• Long histories of contact, exchange, movement between Europe, Asia, and Africa
o Same is true within the Americas
• People have always moved
The Columbian exchange
• Widespread exchange of animals, plants, people, diseases, and ideas between the old and new
• What exchanges leave from the old world (Europe, Asia, Africa) and go to the New World?
• What leaves the New World for the old?