# PHYC 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Theory Of Multiple Intelligences, Models 1, Differentiated Instruction

3 pages65 viewsFall 2016

PHYC 101 Lecture

August 23, 2016

Points of Focus:

What is science?

What is physics?

The metric system

Notes:

What is science?

oMost definitions of science include action words (e.g. study, discover,

etc.)

oScience explains everything that we observe in our lives and help us

to predict the universe’s behavior.

oWe need models to explain phenomena & science is the process of

creating these models.

Types of models:

physical

gestural / visual

verbal / written

pictorial

numerical

graphical

mathematical (equations, etc.)

Potential problems with models

1. No model can represent a phenomenon EXACTLY, so it

made lead to assumptions.

You have to make compromises in how you

construct models.

2. Many people confuse scientific models with reality.

For example: ray model of light, flat maps of Earth,

etc.

Parallels between scientific models and teaching

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multiple intelligences

differentiated instruction

various learning styles

What is physics?

o“hard” science

oPart of everyday life

oTopics covered:

motion

forces

light

electricity

waves

magnetism

energy

oRelationships and transformations among matter and energy.

Metric System (meters, grams, liters, seconds, etc.)

oYou must match the unit you use with the correct type of

measurement..

oBased on the decimal system (base 10).

oPretty much everyone uses this system, except for America.

Thousands Ones Hundreds Thousandths

km m cm mm

kg g cg mg

kL L cL mL

oMeters ---- length & distance

mm = thickness of a dime

cm = width of an average paperclip or your fingernail

m = width of a doorway

km = 10 football fields (1.6km = 1 mile)

oGram ---- mass (solid)

mg = grain of salt

g = paperclip

kg = 6 apples / 2 lbs.

oLiters ---- mass (liquid)

2L = soda

mL = one drop

oChanging Units

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multiply or divide by a power of 10

Greater to Lesser: multiply

Lesser to Greater: divide

oTime ----

seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, etc.

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