SOC 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Channing Tatum, Jaywalking, Ethnocentrism

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21 Feb 2017
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Wednesday, February 1, 2017
SOC 100
Quiz 1 Review
-What is ethnocentrism?
-The tendency to judge another culture by your culture’s standards.
-What is social structure?
-Patterned social behaviors in society that are both created by people & shape
people’s actions.
-What is sociological thinking?
-Attributing our reactions, opinions, desires, & behaviors to outside societal
influences.
-What is sociology?
-The study of human social behavior.
-Ben believes that poverty & homelessness are the result of poor decisions by
individuals. “If people just worked harder, they would do better,” he tells a friend. His
explanation for poverty is an example of what?
-Individual-level thinking.
-In an effort to support her best friend who has cancer, Chelley dyed her hair pink. She
expected her classmates to laugh at her, but instead they applauded when she
walked into class. What do her classmates’ actions exemplify?
-Positive social sanctions.
-Billy tells his roommate, Joe, that jaywalking is an example of normative behavior, but
Joe says that can’t be true: “Jaywalking is technically illegal, so it is deviant.” Who’s
correct?
-Billy because jaywalking is expected behavior on a college campus.
-Channing Tatum cannot go out in public without being mobbed by fans for his
autograph. What is responsible for that?
-His achieved & master status.
-If someone asked you to explain what an institution is, what would you say?
-Entities that constrain an individual’s behaviors & choices.
-Mary is torn between attending a sorority event & studying for an exam. Her sorority
sisters, however, will not take “no” for an answer. They beg & plead until Mary agrees
to attend. What is Mary experiencing?
!1
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