PHI 1500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Protestant Reformation, Persian Language, Islamic Philosophy
Continuation of classic philosophy: new arrangement of the ancient world. Hellenistic period greek dominated: alexander the great was responsible conquered all of ancient world. City of alexander: people of all backgrounds participated, religious cults based on greek philosophy and art developed, science was born because of philosophy, museums and library. Philosophy changed in two perspectives: became cosmopolitan (not limited by language, culture, etc. , knowledge became practical and was used in rational politics, instead of pass time for scholars. Philosophy: intellectual mechanism to keep our inevitable errors out of our knowledge. The community of open minded and mutualy critical individuals not islolated from other communities. Theology: a belief that some privilege people will never be in error. Philosophy would be doomed it ever had the same ideologies as theocracy. Give specific geographical locations of philosophy during that period. What were major philosophical issues discussed there: 750 ad: revival of philosophy in the muslim countries. They didn"t have knowledge related to philosophy.