REL 1350 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Pharisees, Jewish Christian, Fornication

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5 Feb 2017
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Paul and the Early Church
1. Sacrificial nature of God’s love
a. Sacrificial love
b.
2. Jesus is manifestation of God’s love because God didn’t have to send down
3. Inclusive of gentiles
4. Jesus criticized the pious religious leaders because they tried to adhere to the law
without exhibiting love.
a. Paul says that without love, keeping the laws means nothing
5. Jesus did not rebel against the Roman empire
6. To love God is to love others.
7. Something you do to the least, you do to me
8. Paul and the Early Church
9. The apostolic council (jerusalem council, acts 15)
a. Problem: (15:1) The certain individuals came down from Judea and were
teaching the brothers. Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of
Moses, you cannot be saved.
10. Jerusalem Council
a. Pharisees (Judaizers) (15:5)
i. But some believers who belonged to the sect of the Pharisees stood up
and said, it is necessary for them to be circumcised and ordered to keep
the law of Moses
b. Peter (15:7-11)
i. First one to baptize a gentile
ii. Not by our lineage, but by God’s grace that we are forgiven
11. The apostolic council (jerusalem council, acts 15)
a. Barnabas and Paul as they told of all the signs and wonders that God had done
through them among the Gentiles (15:12)
b. James (15:19-21)
i. Concluded that they should ask the gentiles to abstain from things
polluted by idols and from fornication and from whatever has been
strangled and from blood
c. Tradition of Council
i. When the community became divided over a question, a council should
be called, and through such a council the Spirit would guide the church
12. Paul - missionary, theologian, author
a. Saul, Roman citizen, educated as a Pharisee
b. Great opponent of the Christians
c. Damascus experience, “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?”
d. Apostle (one “called” and “set out’ by Jesus), Apostle and Gentiles
i. Post-Apostolic period: when all the apostles have died
ii. Argued that though he didn’t meet Jesus in person, he was called by
Jesus spiritually
iii. Apostle to the Gentiles”
13. Pauline theology
a. Unity in christ. No gender, social, racial, etc differences
b. Supernatural christ and the suffering savior
i. Who was in the form of God
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