APSY 1031 Lecture 4: 3-2_FamilySchoolSociety_Longo

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Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
APSY 1031
Francesca Longo

March 2, 2017 Education and Opportunity: The Achievement Gap Achievement gap: Matter of race and class. Persists between groups that are marginalized - Achieve gap exists even at the start of school o Between low-income and high-income students on reading and math scores - Expulsion rates: increase in number of black students expelled but not huge change in that of white students - Enrollment in top colleges: Educational Policies and the Achievement Gap - Schools are funded through federal, state, local funds - Types of state-level funding o Progressive ▪ Equitable ▪ More funding to districts with high levels of low-income o Flat ▪ Each district gets same amount of money o Regressive ▪ Allocates less funding to those districts with more low-income students Opportunity Gap: deficiencies in foundational components of societies, schools, and communities that produce significant differences in educational – and ultimately socioeconomic – outcomes Racial Segregation and Integration - Achievement gap rooted in historical and persistent marginalization and exploitation of poor people and people of color - Plessy v Ferguson: separate but equal - Brown v Board of Education: countered Plessy v Ferguson Elementary and Secondary Education Act - Promote equal access to education through allocatio
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