APSY 2032 Lecture 5: Feb 6_Psych of Learning_Perez

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Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
APSY 2032

February 6 Based on your reading and this week’s lectures, how might a “Piagetian classroom” differ from a “Vygotskian classroom”? 1. Role of the teacher? a. Piaget teacher sets up the classroom for exploration b. Vygotskian teacher provides more guided instruction 2. Instruction? a. P: more set up for activity centers b. V: one-on-one instruction/small groups 3. Assessment? a. P: ____ (undetermined) b. V: section of interactive assessment 4. Evaluations? a. P: process is just as important as the answer b. V: ____ (undetermined) Similarities: -Construction of knowledge as crucial (just in different ways) Week 4: Intro to Memory & Cognitive Information Processing Theory Intro to Memory → Memory Myths CIP → CIP Model → Sensory Register & Attention → Working Memory → Long-term Memory Introduction to Memory: Myths I. The human brain saves virtually all of the information it encounters A. FALSE B. Our senses are constantly being stimulated by the environment → most of our sensory experiences do not get registered, and if they do, they don’t stay for more than a few seconds II. The human brain is fully matured and developed by age 15-16 A. FALSE B. The brain is not fully formed (particularly the prefrontal cortex) until around 25 years. This is the region of the brain associated with impulse control and planning. C. Our brains have a lot of plasticity through middle adulthood → people can improve cognitive abilities for much longer than many people believe and judge their own abilities (as well as others’) III. Short-term memory typically lasts under a minute A. TRUE B. Typically lasts about half a minute! C. Long-term memory begins after a minute! IV. The best way to remember a new fact or piece of information is by repeating it over and over in our heads A. FALSE B. Only effective in keeping things in short term memory/working memory C. The best way for long-term is by making meaning of it (self-relevance) V. Taking not
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