Value of Research
Research has important applications
How can we find, discover, and obtain the information we need?
Scour books, consult expert, talk with colleagues
How do we know if these sources provide us with reliable and valid information?
Mistakes, confusion, biases, personal experiences
Employing the scientific method addresses these concerns about ways of obtaining info
Ways of Knowing
Our senses provide us with a tremendous amount of information
Their information is often unreliable
Agreement with others
Checking for agreement with others gives credibility to senses
What about when we are missing what others are “seeing?”
Information from trusted or expert sources
How do we weigh the influence of an expert’s credentials?
Intellect permits the use of reason to evaluate sensory info
Major and minor premises of a syllogism must be true for the conclusion to be true
We use senses, experts, general agreement, and logic to develop ideas or hypotheses about the way the
How do we test whether these ideas hold up under other conditions?
Basic vs. Applied Research: careful, systematic, and patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge
Stokes’ Pasteur’s Quadrant
Quantitative vs. Qualitative
Types of Research
Describes a particular scenario or situation
Employs various m