The Nature of Research

3 Pages

Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
Course Code
APSY 2216

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Value of Research Research has important applications How can we find, discover, and obtain the information we need? Scour books, consult expert, talk with colleagues How do we know if these sources provide us with reliable and valid information? Mistakes, confusion, biases, personal experiences Employing the scientific method addresses these concerns about ways of obtaining info Ways of Knowing Sensory experience Our senses provide us with a tremendous amount of information Their information is often unreliable Agreement with others Checking for agreement with others gives credibility to senses What about when we are missing what others are “seeing?” Expert opinion Information from trusted or expert sources How do we weigh the influence of an expert’s credentials? Logic Intellect permits the use of reason to evaluate sensory info Major and minor premises of a syllogism must be true for the conclusion to be true Scientific Method We use senses, experts, general agreement, and logic to develop ideas or hypotheses about the way the  world works  How do we test whether these ideas hold up under other conditions? Research Approaches Basic vs. Applied Research: careful, systematic, and patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge Stokes’ Pasteur’s Quadrant Quantitative vs. Qualitative Types of Research Descriptive Describes a particular scenario or situation Employs various m
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