Trait Theory

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Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
APSY 2240
Julia Whitcavitch- Devoy

History Ancient Greece; whatever fluids were most dominant in your body influenced personality Modern trait theory: Carl Jung 8 types 4 functions 2 attitudes Typology Each person fits a type Gordon?:16 personality factors (TRAIT CLUSTERS) Allport: personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of systems that determine characteristic behavior or thought Both humanistic and scholarly approach Thought that regularities of behavior arise because we view situations in a similar way Many of our behaviors are functionally equivalent (similar in meaning) May be a problem Genes and culture produce manifestations of generalized traits CommonAmerican cultural traits that are valued Dominance Extraversion Individualism Big 5 (OCEAN) Openness Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Emerged from date (not theoretical lens) Both behavioral genetics and cross-cultural research validate the Big 5 May predict important life outcomes Big 3 (Heinsinc?) Extraversion Neuroticism Psychoticism Motives Needs Life tasks
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