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February 13.docx

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ECON 1131
Can Erbil

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February 13, 2013 Wales did not have a traditional capital, but maintained a distinct language and culture. - They also had no official Church, national library, or national university th st 1603 – The Queen of Scotland died, and James the 6 became James the 1 of England 1707 – The Queen of England made theAct of Union (Treaty of 1707) that abolished the Scottish parliament at Edinburgh and united Scotland with Wales and England to create Great Britain - Relations were strained as many English elites were ambivalent to the Scotts - Scotts were seen as threatening, demanding, less civilized people 1688 – Glorious Revolution: James the 2 was replaced with James the 3 rd - 1715 Jacobite rising and 1745 Jacobite risings were attempted rebellions to regain the Scottish throne In the Scottish highlands there were many Catholics, who fought mainly on the Jacobite side. Pre-union Ireland: 1541 – It was made known that England controlled Ireland, though the countries were not united and Ireland had their own parliament, even though their decisions had to be ratified by the British parliament before going into effect - Penal Laws: kept Catholics from attaining too much land or holding political office - The American Revolution inspired Ireland with hope that a colony could break away from its mother country 1790s – Wolfe Tone created the United Irishmen, but they were too radical for many. - They sparked the rising of 1798 - The British massacred many of the rebels - Steps were then taken to integrate the two countries further Act of Union – proposed by William Pitt - Ratified by Irish parliament in 1800 - Pitt wanted to give more rights to Catholics, but the King was opposed to it - Pitt resigned when it was clear Catholic emancipation wouldn’t be approved Ireland inside the UK was ruled by parliament from London. - But they were never fully integrate
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