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Lecture

October 21st.docx

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Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1005
Professor
Shayne Clarke

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October 21, 2013 By the end of the Mughal dynasty, the majority of the Muslim believers were located to the East of  Afghanistan Although the Mongolian Empire disintegrated, it still influenced culture down the family line Sources of power in Delhi and Lahore  Power either gained through suppression or control of trade and resources The Mughals wanted their empire to be as good as the Timurid empire in Central Asia Ruled over 100 million people Source of great wealth for the British East India Trading Company Only the Ming empire rivaled the Mughal empire Babur is a descendant of Tamerlan (Timur) His descendant Humayun is defeated by Sher Shah Suri who founded the Sur dynasty  Humayun went into exile and was supported by Persian soldiers Persians wanted Humayun to end the Sur dynasty  Gets it done and regains control of northwestern India In the foundation of a civilization, it’s not just the initial founder that is considered great Often, the ruler of the civilization that brings the nation to its period of greatness is praised more  than he initial founder After Humayun died, his son Akbar took over  He ruled for 50 years! Expanded India north to Kabul and south to the Deccan Marathas He rationalized the tax system Relocated capital so that the center of power would be in the center of the land Instead of Delhi and Lahore, now Delhi and Agra Utilized marriage as a powerful political tool Married princesses of lands in southern India that he had not yet conquered Kidnapped princes and took them as hostages to raise as their sons within the Mughal dynasty Control by cooption As 
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