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Boston College (3,572)
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HIST 1031 (33)
Lecture

April 20

3 Pages
30 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1031
Professor
Robert Savage

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April 22, 2013 1948 – The Communists in Czechoslovakia was unable to gain power, and threatened to call on Stalin for help, so the President gave into the Communists and resigned - They succeeded through intimidation to gain power 1968 – The “Soviet puppet” was growing more unpopular, and university students around Europe marched to protest a range of issues, including the war in Vietnam and the lack of civil rights for Catholics January 1968 – Alexander Dubcek became the new leader of Czechoslovakia and put in reforms like freedom of speech, press, and freedom of citizens to travel abroad - Wanted “socialism with a human face” - The sense of optimism was known as the Prague Spring, and criticism of the soviet union continued to grow August 1968 – Soviet tanks came into Czechoslovakia and crushed the reformist movement - The Soviet government would not tolerate any reform, so Dubcek was taken out of power and replaced In the 1970s, there was a détente between the US and the USSR and a number of treaties were signed, limiting the number of weapons they could hold. In 1981 when Reagan became president, the Cold War heated up again as he often denounced the USSR and increased tension. - Spoke freely about what he thought of Communism and the USSR - Wanted to put missiles in Western Europe, but many people protested the escalation of the arms race because it was unnecessary o People in Western Europe supported the buildup - He also committed the US to building space weapons to protect the US from Soviet attack (known as the Star Wars) Gorbachev became the new leader of the USSR and wanted to rethink Soviet foreign and domestic policy - Introduced restructuring, initiating changes in the economy, focusing on producing consumer goods that were in high demand - He also wanted political reform under the policy of Glasnost (openness), encouraging debate over the s
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