April 29, 2013 – The Legacy of Imperialism and the Cold War
The rise of Islamic extremism is a result of the legacy of the Cold War and imperialism
In 1947, Palestine began to be partitioned so the Jews could return to their homeland after the
- At firstArabs and Jews were able to live together, but there were soon tensions as the
Arabs were unhappy their land was being claimed by another group
Al Naqba – in 1948,Arabs were forced to leave their homes due to ethnic cleansing
- Israel had support from Western nations such as the US
- Palestinians were forced off of more and more land over the years
Palestinians began to resort to terrorism, and Hamas was the largest of these groups. Both men
and women were involved, and suicide bombings became popular.
- They believe the US helps bankroll Israel and justifies their actions
Afghanistan was used as a buffer state between Russia and Britain as England fought for
imperial territory inAsia. The country was separated by several ethnic groups.
1978 – the Communist People’s Democratic Party takes over the government inAfghanistan, and
for ten years war was waged over opposition of the Soviets.
The US sent aid and weapons to the Mujahideen to fight against the Soviets.
- Other Muslims opposed to the Soviets to help in the fight
Osama Bin Laden was born into the family of a billionaire, and helped bring weapons from the
Arab world intoAfghanistan.
- His family condemned him because he was becoming more and more radical.
- In 1988, he formed Al-Quaeda
The Soviets withdraw fromAfghanistan in 1989
After the war, Bin Laden withdrew to Sudan where he continued to build upAl-Queada
Taliban – students who were Ethnic Pashtuns, they promised to stop the atrocities inAfghanistan
and institute strict sharia law to maintain control
- Some believed the fractured state needed to reunite and Massoud became a target among
resistance groups, especially the Taliban - Mullah Omar was the messianic head of the Taliban movement
By 1998, the Taliban had conquered most ofAfghanistan. They were funded by Pakistan and Bin
Laden through his inheritance
Throughout the 1990s, tensions continued to rise between the Islamic fundamentalists and the
West over the West’s support of the Jews.