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Lecture

"Indigenous Peoples" Lecture

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1031
Professor
Robert Savage
Semester
Fall

Description
Unit 5: Europe Abroad Week 1: Indigenous Peoples The Contact Zone 11/4/13 ­ The contact zone • When Europeans went abroad • When two cultures met and interacted • This term was created by Mary Louise Pratt ­ Demographics • 1492­ 80 Million people in the Americas • 1519 ­25 indigenous people • 1592­1 million people ­ Huge upset to the culture ­The Conquest Narrative • “The Black Myth” of Spanish cruelty Comes from the Spanish starting in 1492 ­1492­ Columbus looking for China ­1493­ Spaniards flock to the New World.  ­Spain sent thousands of colonists, who we know as conquistadors.  ­Conquistadors • Came from the lower part of Spanish society, the peasants • Operated independently • People saw the conquistadors as “Massive military movements” but, in reality,  they were usually unorganized • They were there to profit and leave • Many also wanted to advance their status in society ­There were no rules until… ­1512­Laws of Burgos • These were laws for the colonists, not the colonized • There was a large passage complaining how too much Indian labor was used for  tending the land instead of minding for gold • Ex: Call them by name, don’t starve them, listen to their complains ­Failure of Spanish laws to cope with the situation in America • The requirent of 1514  • “Only ware Indians could be enslaved” • Read in Latin to the people who didn’t understand Latin that said that they had the  right to wage war on them. • This was meaningless to the indigenous people ­Barolome de Las Casas • Came to the Americas in 1502  • Conquistadors wanted to get rich • Became a cattle rancher and farmer • He became very rich • Educated as a humanist • Became a lay teacher of Christianity • Like other conquistadors, he was given an allotment of Indians • Ordained a priest in 1510 • Preached against treatment of indigenous peoples • People were against this because he got rich and received a bunch of  indigenous people so they didn’t understand why they couldn’t
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