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HIST 1035 (2)

The Russian Revolution

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Boston College
HIST 1035
Robert Savage

The Russian Revolution March 10, 2014 • Russia did not industrialize the way many other European countries had • Feudalism was in place until the 1860s • Alexander III was not interested in parliamentary democracy • Russia had been humiliated in a war with Japan that ended in 1905 o Led to a revolution in many Russian cities o These revolutions paved way for revolutions in the Russian navy • In response to these revolution, he makes a number of gestures towards the protesters o He creates the duma, which is a parliament that will share power with the czar o Grants a new constitution o But the parliament was never very powerful • BothAlexander III and Nicolas II were determined to build Russia into a new industrial power • Both men understood that building a powerful industrial economy was the key to upholding Russia’s place in Europe as one of the leading powers • Sergei Witteemerged as a very important player in the Russian government and th helped them take the necessary steps to make Russia a 20 century country • Presided over the industrialization of Russia • Asmall proletariat emerged (~3 million people) • The working conditions were bad and the czar passed laws against unions • Socialism would become popular among this working class, but socialist parties were illegal • Many ordinary peasants living in rural areas believed these culocks, or land owners, believed they were unfair • Peasantry made up 85% of the population • Peasants hoped to own their own farms and resented the fact that they were not making any progress because of the culocks • Rasputinpeasant with a lot of political power • Russian army was huge but was poor at mobilizing and had bad leadership and organization • They have outdated weapons as well • WWI created inflation in Russia, causing food prices to skyrocketa number of industrial and transportation strikes took place, creating tremendous discontent in the cities • Russian elites were upset with the distress throughout the country [Type text] [Type text] [Type text] • Russian nobility devised a plan to assassinate Rasputin, which was part of a bigger plan to kill the czar • The urban citizens began to protest and slowly but surely, a revolution developed • March 1917this revolution successfully dispos
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