Class Notes (834,657)
United States (323,847)
Boston College (3,565)
History (453)
HIST 1081 (8)
Lecture

France Notes.docx

6 Pages
34 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIST 1081
Professor
Andrew Petersen
Semester
Fall

Description
France Notes France Current French political system is called the Fifth Republic 80% of French are nominally Catholic Stages of French Politics: Absolute Monarchy: Crown was responsible for three duties: Making and executing laws Waging war and providing defense Raising money to defend the state French Revolution First Estate= Catholic clergy, primary responsibility for administering the legal system Second Estate= aristocracy  Third Estate= everyone else, their taxes paid for the military and luxuries of the court Estates general­ representative of 3 estates Louis XIV claimed “I am the state” Two poles of French society during the revolution: Conservative, catholic, rural Progressive, secular, urban  Third Estate established the National Assembly­ issued declaration of rights of  man Revolutionaries goal: “scientific” rational state Reign of Terror­ led by the radical republican militant faction known as the Jacobins Result of French Rev: coup by Napoleon Napoleonic code: all men are equal under law  2  republic: Napoleon III became the first elected leader 1852 deemed himself monarch nd Franco­Prussian war (1870­1871) – Napoleon II was captured and the 2  empire came to an end 3  Republic: weak, immobilized, ends at onset of WWII.  th 4  Republic: General Charles de Gualle,  anti­Nazi granted Algeria independence wanted to make France an independent nuclear power withdrew from NATO nationalized industries and private firms switched to welfare state increase executive power th last prime minister of 4  republic became first president of the 5  republic  Constitution th 5  republic codified in the constitution of 1958 political power shared by the legislature, a directly elected president, and a prime minister who  reports to both the president and the legislature in 2000 presidents term was reduced from seven to five years Branches of government 1. Semi Presidential System dual executive president= head of state prime minister= head of government  president­ appoints the prime minister approved by the majority of the house of legislature Prez directs armed forces Can ask lower house to reconsider legislation Prime minister carries out President’s political agenda Chiefly responsible for cultivating support for presidential policies from within the legislature  Can be removed via motion of censure­ requires absolute majority of 577 members of lower house If president lacks majority, appointment of prime minister from an opposing party – cohabitation Increases prime minister’s power Constitutional amendment in 2000 that declares presidential and prime minister elections should  occur at the same time 2. Legislature bicameral­ known as parlement upper house = Sénat 348 members and 6 yr terms­ weaker of the 2 houses­ main power resides in  ability to reject constitutional amendments b/c requires consent of both houses composed of elderly conservatives lower house= assemblee nationale 577 members, 5 year terms blocked vote­ legislatures ability to amend legislation­ forces legislature to accept bills in their  entirety and allows amendments only if they are approved by the government.  Governments can submit legislation as motions of confidence­ proposed laws are passed unless  the legislature can muster a motion of censure agains thte government In 2008­ government faced a motion of censure over sendin
More Less

Related notes for HIST 1081

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit