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Lecture

Canada Regime_CH5.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1081
Professor
Andrew Petersen
Semester
Fall

Description
CH. 5: The Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms What is a Charter of Rights? • CA 1982: Canada acquired a constitutionally entrenched charter of rights. ◦Charter of Rights: device that prevents democratic majorities from violating the  individual rights  How the Charter Works • Hunter v. Southam (1984): Combines Investigation Act: Combines = form of  monopoly.  o Accused Southam Press fought constitutionality of the Combines  Investigation Act citing Sect. 8 of the Constitution “resisting  unreasonable search / seizure.”  Court concluded that the Act was in violation of the charter. Remedies • The government has no authority to act on laws deemed unconstitutional by  supreme court decisions. o Handled in Schachter vs. Canada, adoptive parents case. Adoption of the Charter • Already existed in the political union, not fundamentally new. o Duplessis Gov in Quebec passed laws that were struck down by  Supreme Court for oppression of individual rights. o Federal gov confined Japanese Canadians to detention camps o Poor protection of Canadian Aboriginal people. • Eventually followed more closely after the US Bill of Rights model. o 1960 Canadian Bill of Rights lacked potency as it was only a Federal  Statute. o Eventually the entrenched charter was written, holding accountable all  levels of government. Opposition to the Charter • Manitoba’s Premier Stirling Lyon attacked the Charter because it was against 
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