World History Notes – Haitian Revolution The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Atlantic Slavery
The success of the Haitian Revolution was the beginning of the end of Atlantic Slavery. Haiti
became an inspiration for independtht movements of the 19 century.
Haiti was divided into 2 in the 18 century by Spanish in the East and in the West by French.
French was called Saint Domingue most profitable colonial territory. Almost half the sugar was
produced there. Sugar was driving the trade and Haiti was at the center of the sugar trade. Lots of
slaves brought in to work as slaves on the sugar plantations.
3 part division of Saint Domingue Black slaves, whites, and free people of color.
In 1791 as the Revolution began to move into it more radical phase they gave voting rights to the
free people of color, enraged the white people because people had to own land to vote. Racial
tension arose. Slave rebellions began in the summer of 1791 and continued to grow.
Spanish had most territory and French were at war with British and Spanish wanted to take over
Saint Dominique. The French offered freedom to all slaves who wanted to come join and repel the
invasion of France and Spain.
Local commissions agreed to abolish slavery and 3 deputies were elected to go to the national
assembly in Paris to deliver the news about slavery
Government by the people They took out the white part of the flag because it represented the
bourbon monarchy. The original French flag had a slogan too, Haitian picked up on the slogan and
the meaning of it.
Napoleon failed at reinstating slavery in Hai