HIST1083 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Cape Coast Castle, Atlantic World, Serfdom

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7 Nov 2016
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The Atlantic Slave Trade
The Atlantic Slave Trade: 1500-1808
12 million slaves
Macro: institutionalized Atlantic trade
Micro: real people, real experience
Majority to South America, Caribbean
Demand
Attrition: lifespan was about 7-8 years
The Door of No Return
Cape Coast Castle, Ghana
Last sight of homeland
Human commodities
Multiple owners
Overview
Slavery before the Atlantic World
Roots of Slavery
Greece and Rome
Chattel
Seen as property
From Slavery to Serfdom
People or peasants working in fields
Not owned, but could be traded as property
Owed labor to master
Looser form
African Slavery
Saharan Slave Trade across Northern Africa
West to Middle East
Domestic
Slavery In the Americas
Sugar plantations drive demand
Portuguese
Native americans died in huge numbers
Awkward to enslave neighbor
Race a factor?
Non christians were more easily enslaved
Exodus
Weight of the dead upon the living
9.5 million survived
Cheap flow of slaves meant there was no incentive to protect
them along way
Instruments of Coercion
Slave ships
Violence /intimidation
Thrown overboard
Punishment
Technology at work
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