HIST1083 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: The Columbian Exchange, Columbian Exchange, Corn Syrup

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Published on 18 Dec 2016
Department
Course
Professor
Lecture 10.18.16
Module 4 Discussion Thursday
Modern 4 Quiz Tuesday
The Columbian Exchange exchanges that occurred thoughout the world after the discovery of
the Americas
o Fauna
o Disease
In the past…
o Before 1492, Americas isolated from the rest of the world
o Age of Disoery reated ne ridge eteen Old & Ne Worlds
o Native American population decimated
o Americas plugged into global exchange network
o Foundation of gloal in plae
Columbian exchange
o Transfer of plants, animals, people, culture between Old World and New
o Consequences of Age of Exploration
o Diversity destroys diversity
o Still paying the price in 2015
o
Americas exported corn, tomatoes, peanuts, potatoes, beans, vanilla, turkeys, tobacco, rubber,
etc.
Europe, Asia, and Africa exported onions, olives, turnips, peaches, citrus fruits (apples, bananas,
mango), wheat, rice, livestock, cattle, disease, grains, etc.
Tomato, Potato
o First tomatoes in Europe were golden, not red
o Slow acceptance of new foods because people were weary
o Nutritional value of the potatotaken form Americas by Spain and was being cultivated
in Spainone of the most productive foods per square foot, could survive in a lot of
climate changesstaple in diet
Corn
o Man-made and bioengineeringNative Americans essentially engineered this by cross
breeding it
o Teosinteclosest natural thing to corn
o Non-shattering, edible, farmable teosinte (corn) was created by repeatedly
crossbreeding teosinte with Easter Gamagrass
o Livestock feed, ethanol, corn syrup
o Europeans gave it to their animals first then ate it themselves
Affectively had a whole new supply of food to give to animals to expand
population of livestockcreated more meat, etc.
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