HIST1083 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Hongwu Emperor, Zheng He, Kowtow

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Published on 14 Sep 2016
Post-Mongolian Empires: China
Kublai Khan: Transition Man
Genghis Khan’s grandson
First non native ruler of China
Consolidated empire
Died 1924
Mongol control declined
New Chinese dynasty from 1368
Zhu Yuanzhang
Ming Dynasty China
Modern empire
276 years
2.5 million square miles
Largest city: Nanjing
Strong central power
loyalty , conformity, order
Preexisting tax collecting civil service
Dominant global force
Ming State Structure
Centralized control
oGentry- wealthy landowners, study of confucian ideas, civil service
oPeasants- majority, farmers work the land, live in small villages
oMerchants- some become rich, from others work (lower status), buy land
Elaborate civil service
oMost educated
oResponsibility in civil service
oFace of state
oPhilosophy of life
oRespect for elders, tradition, fixed social order
oInnovation and interaction with foreigners is suspicious
Rebirth of Chinese culture
Ming World View
Middle Kingdom (Zhong Guo)
oCenter of the world
oEverything revolved around their culture and country
Emperor, “Son of Heaven”
oMore respected
All expected to pay tribute
oFor foreigners
Trade with Kingdom a privilege
oGranted to traveler
non-Chinese hierarchy
oNon ethnic people were tolerated and had to pay taxes
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