HIST 1084 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Scorched Earth, Romantic Nationalism, Ottoman Empire

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23 Jan 2017
Department
Course
Professor
Globalization II
1800-2000
Main Themes
Formation of the Modern State
The Dual Revolution
Ideologies
Imperialism
Violence
Technology
Modernity
The World in 1800
Turkish Ottoman empire declining
China fading
Russia expanding
Americas, Africa on verge
“Birth of the Modern World”: The European Moment
Napoleon's Dynamite: The Spread of Nationalism
1799-1815
Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
Wars of Ideology
Waterloo
Congress of Vienna
Nationalism
Constructed Identity
All peoples derive their identities from their nations, which are defined by common
language, shared cultural traditions or religion
Attractive to many people across class and political lines
Romantic nationalism: Emotion dominates
weapon
Folktales, poems and histories expressing shared cultural and linguistic heritage
Factual accuracy optional
Europe 1799
France’s Sister republics
Invasions provoked nationalism
France still fragile
Directory open to exploitation
Man of the Moment
From Corsica
Military school in France
Rose through the ranks
Product of Revolution
Natural leader
1799 first consul
Rigged elections
Nepotism
Revolutionary Army
Citizen army, massive national draft
Powerful new forde
Conquered Spain, Germans, Italians, Austria, Prussia, Russia
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