HIST 1084 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Pseudoscience, De Beers, Mass Production

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22 Feb 2017
Department
Course
Professor
Imperialism, 1870-1914
Terms
Second Industrial Revolution
New science based technology
Zero sum game, competition
Infrastructure
Tranaataltic railway
Birth of multinational corporations and capitalism
countries
Britain
Germany
USA
Japan
Technological Advances
Electricity
Standard and unifier
On the grid
Household appliances
Agricultural mechanization
Retire horses
Urban transportation
Chemical industry, explosives
Cars and rubber, Model T
Mass market
Public
People better educated, jobs, more money
Purchase power
Average person
Assembly line
A New Scale
Trans Siberian Railroad, 5700 miles
US transcontinental railroad, 3500 miles
Make counties smaller
Brings people together
Alexander Graham Bell
1847-1922
Telephone
Calling Chicago from New York
Redefines scale of country and communication
Multinational Corporations
Cheap labor, raw materials
New Imperialism, 1870-1914
Age capitalism
International race for new colonies to meet industrial needs (resources, markets)
1870-1914, Europe and America gain control of 10 million square miles containing 20%
of world’s land and 10% of world’s population
Drivers
Technological and military means now existed
Need for new raw materials
Perceived need for markets
Solution domestic problems
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