HIST 1084 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Zimmermann Telegram, Claude Choules, Florence Green

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28 Feb 2017
World War I: The War to End All Wars
Total War
Modern civilization can’t escape
Global war
direct and indirect impact on all
Mass casualties, injuries, and mental impact
Trench Warfare
Small hole in the ground
Access to heavy artillery
Weapons of Mass Destruction
War songs: the Good, the Bad, and The Ugly
The Armistice
End of 4 major empires
End of age of optimism
Mass trauma
Empires weakened
Technology turned on creators
Set tone for 20th century
Thought to be a quick war
The Western Front
1914: Schlieffen Plan fails
Military stalemate and trench warfare
Massive casualty
2 key battles of 1915-1916
Feb-Dec: Verdun
Summer 1916: Battle of the Somme
60,000 in a day
Over 1M by end
Challenging Class Barriers
None in the middle of warfare
Difficult after
Mustard Gas: The Silent Killer
Weapons of mass destruction: tanks, machine guns, tanks, bombs
Hard to smell
Lingers for weeks
Highly toxic
Blisters, asphyxiation, diarrhea, vomiting
WMD banned after WWI
Middle East
Allies pushed past Arabs and Jews to fight Ottoman Empire
Made conflicting promises to Jews and Arabs
France and Britain controlled Middle East after war
Russian Bolsheviks
Russian Revolution
Communists end Russian war participation, 1918
Origin of future USSR
Tsar falls
US Joins Allies, April 1917
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