HIST 1084 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Georges Clemenceau, 1918 Flu Pandemic

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27 Mar 2017
Postwar Quest for Peace
Wilson’s Fourteen Points
Treaty of Versailles
Ethnic Self-Determination
Article 231: War Guilt Cause
War Reparations
League of Nations
War Legacy
Armistice 11/11/18
Immediate fighting finished
Economically productive age of people decimated
16 million dead, 21 million wounded
1918 influenza killed 50 million more
Environmental catastrophe
From bombing
Agriculture ruined
$400 billion spent (2005 = $5 trillion)
Four superpowers destroyed
Ottoman, Germany, Russia, Austria
PTSD, unproductive, injured, need care, frustrated
Big Brother
Total war expanded government reach
Taxation, rationing, direct payments
US Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917 & 1918
Crime to criticize government
For national unity
Anti radical sentiment rises
Everyone is a Communist? Mess with people’s mind
Fear of Russian revolution
Who are they influencing?
German Weimar Republic
November 1918: King abdicates, government resigns
Moderate socialists in power
moderate but fragile authority
Who take control of republic
Spartacist Uprising
‘Stab in the back’
Idea that Germans can’t believe that germany lost the war
Main battleground
Suffered most
Brunt of German military
Massive human losses (1.7m / 4.5%)
Desperate to control Germany
Desperate for revenge
Great Britain
Losses (1m / 2.2%)
Revenge on Germany
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