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Lecture 21

HIST 1093 Lecture 21: L21 Slavery in the Atlantic World

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Boston College
HIST 1093
Jane E Regan

Concepts for understanding slavery in the Atlantic World: ● Laws governing slavery varied ● Europeans practiced chattel slavery ○ Dehumanizing, complete legal, unfreedom ○ Developed in a world of social hierarchies ○ Denied autonomy of enslaved people and recognition of their personal identities ● Patterns of organizing and using chattel slavery in society ○ Mass slavery ○ Auxiliary slavery ● Categories used to categorize slavery ○ Mass slavery called slave societies ■ Developed in spanish colonies and the emerging southern US colonies ○ Societies with slaves more so auxiliary ■ New france, port cities, portuguese cities, urban areas ○ Economy typically determined what type ■ MA society with slave ■ Barbados slave society Slavery in the Spanish and Portuguese versus French and English empires: ● Early 17th century ● Spain and portugal already had developed slave systems before expansion, Europe and france did not ● Spain and Portugal ○ Child slavery was legal in Spain and Portugal, but was slightly considered contrary to nature ○ Legal system granted limited rights to enslaved people including limits of violence ○ Courts would set prices -slaves had a bit of an out ○ Fairly significant free black population ● England and France ○ Slavery died out in E and F during the Middle Ages ○ No defined legal category ○ Slavery stemmed from indentured servitude ○ Initially Africans were almost considered indentured servants ○ 1641 MA defines slavery ○ French had code noir ○ Africans resisted Enslavement of Native Americans: ● Mostly English and French in America Terms: Chattel slavery: form of slavery, technical term for considering slaves to be the personal property of their owners - lifelong status and generally hereditary mass slavery: plantation slavery is the most widespread type, most industries that required the coordination of large teams or workers i.e. cattle ranching auxiliary slavery: slaves were minority of workers in this type, enslaved people held specialized “service oriented roles”, i.e. domestic servants, overseers sl
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