83 U.S. 36: Slaughter House (Police Power)
• Civil war just ended: reconstruction ends in 1876 officially.
• 13 14 and 15 amendments are relatively new and are being watched
• Bitterness from Civil War = Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws
• The Southern Argument was led by a former justice who had quit to support the southern
• Governor is Republican because of reconstruction and 14 amendments. Whereas
butchers are white Democrats
• Nola was moving butchers out of the city to improve the health and beauty of the city
• Health hazard: Legislature used police power (state legislature have the power to
legislature for the health, welfare, and wellbeing of their people) to create a central
• Became argued over the scope of the 14 amendment. Cambell wants to undermine the
14 amendment and shrink its power.
• 14 Amendment refutes the Dred Scott decision thatAfricanAmericans could not be
citizens of the united states. • Due Process: deals with the substantive due process: butchers have a property right in
their job. Doesn’t say it outright but it is implied.
• Cambell: Due Process argument: the new legislature deprives the butchers of their
job and therefore their property. Therefore it violated the 14 amendment which
says that no state will deprive a citizen of life liberty or property withou