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Lecture

9-23-13.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1070
Professor
Robert Mc Gill
Semester
Fall

Description
Poly Sci 09/24/2013 ­ Hobbes is a pessimist; refuses to agree with Machiavelli that a great man could lead great people ­ Built an ivory tower but would never interact outside of it, only observed and wrote in the tower ­ Observed that people were in a ceaseless struggle for power at all levels ­ Concludes then that people are pretty miserable all the time ­ Ultimate proof of equality is the equal capacity to kill each other (and will do so if in their interest) ­ Hobbes writing during scientific revolution when idea of mechanistic materialism is on the rise (everything  works like a machine) ­ Popularized as “life is but motion” ­ Still accepts emotions, but thinks of life and people as being very logical and calculating and reckoning ­ No ultimate good, just an ultimate evil which is why one must end natural life before approaching ­ Hobbes makes the connection that if there are scientific laws that govern physics and such, then there  must be natural laws that govern how people behave State of Nature Life is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short So horrible they will do anything to come out of it Decided they would quite literally sign a contract giving power to the “Holder of Absolute Power” and submit  to him as long as he keeps them safe What we get from Hobbes Social Contract People had rights, liberties, and freedoms before coming into the contract that they gave up partially to cut  the deal Also established that will, not force, is the basis of gov
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