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Lecture

9-26-13.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1070
Professor
Robert Mc Gill
Semester
Fall

Description
Poly Sci 09/26/2013 ­ Locke uses structure of Hobbes (state of nature, social contract, etc.) but comes out with different  philosophy 3 things that are wanting: No known settled law No indifferent judges Don’t have the same equal power to punish ­ People are out to steal one another’s property ­ Only solution is to enter the social contract “What is political power?” The power that every person gives up to the community which they possessed in the state of nature (God­ given power) Give it up to fix deficiencies in society and better protect their own property ­ Locke worried about abuse of power Self­conserving rights – rights we have against the government Self­assertive rights – active rights for “us” ­ People give up powers  only  where we see deficiencies in the state of nature ­ Laissez faire political doctrine of sorts ­ Gov’t has fiduciary power to protect property In the state of nature, a person owns: Self Own efforts (time, energy, etc.) Land (not so much b/c you own the land, but b/c you work it) ­ Anything you mix with your efforts and time becomes yours ­ “God has give us all things richly to enjoy.” ­ Law of reason limits a
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