Poly Sci 10/08/2013
Compare all 5
Plato – Allegory in the Cave
Machiavelli – “Conscious makes cowards of us all.” – A king/prince must learn what not to do to learn how
to rule, so they can’t be timid or hesitant.
Locke – Nature of the social contract
Rousseau – Force to be free (1 sentence of Social Contract)
Mill – Critique of utilitarianism
Take 2 and compare/contrast
Talk about 1 in great depth
John Stuart Mill
Son of famous political theorist – James Mill – formed school of thought calleUtilitarianism with
People are completely rational/logical
Experimented on Mill to raise him as “boy genius” to see if people really do choose pleasure over pain
By age 5, he spoke Greek, read Latin, by 7 knew 6 languages fluently, by 13 writing articles for
Never allowed in company of women.
Realized he disagreed with father and utilitarianism and had nervous breakdown.
Fell in love with Harriet Taylor, married woman, who had 3 children.
Mr. Taylor agreed to arrangement whereby as long as the 2 were not seen in public, they could live/vacation
Mr. Taylor died in 1849, so Mill married Harriet in 1851 and she died of TB in 1853
Elected to House of Congress on bizarre conditions 1) no party interest 2) refused to ca