Poly Sci 10/29/2013
If I can’t determine on my own what I do, I should just live and let stuff be.
Gave easy way to communism/facism/etc.
Began to apply his ideas to politics
Two opposing forces
Eros & death (creates tension)
Civil society exists because people learn to sublimate their natural (animalistic, aggressive) instincts
Must break the back of natural man to force him to abide by certain rules
The tension of life and death comes from the force to sublimate their instincts
Instincts are a type of energy, so when repressed it will come out at some point in a perhaps weird or
We stage war because of the repressed instincts, which is “okay” because they are different/the
Freud was psychiatrist (neurotics) and in beginning days of practice, he noticed his patients weren’t much
different than “normal” people save for one little odd thing
“The mental processes of neurotics were similar to that of children.” (MQ)
In clinical work, neuroses were found to be distorted way of dealing with things.
Normal people find ways to deal with tension in a socially acceptable way, but neurotics are incapable of
Neurotics’ tension was greater than that of a normal person
Ordinary slips of the tongue (e.g. sex instead of six, tension coming out because sexual desire is
repressed, ordinary forgetting of names/events)
Led Freud to study dreams
Shouldn’t study what people ought to do, but rather study what they actually do through simple
“People behave in certain ways because of all kinds of unconscious drives and urges: repression,
sublimations, displacements, and training and commissioning that begins in infancy.”
At higher levels, political systems exist in antagonism.
The superego is the price we pay for living in society, the price that comes with preserving law and order
Three branches of personality Id – basic instinctual parts of the personality (aggression, sex, hunger, sleep, territorialism)
Pleasure Principle – engaged by ridding ourselves of tension by satiating one of the desires (get
hungry, feel tension, find f