Following three claims are mutually incompatible:
Naturalism – all physical events have only physical causes
The soul is nonphysical
The activity of the soul causes action
The Rise of Naturalism
The Rise of Brain Science: We have discovered processes in the brain that correspond to most mental
processes. The idea that thought could arise from a machine is no longer absurd.
The Absence of Counterexamples: If Supernaturalism were true, there would be physical events with no
physical cause. Yet we haven’t found any.
The Completeness of Physics
Deep Physical Explanations. Modern physics offers detailed and deep explanations of physical