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Philosophy 9-20.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1070
Professor
Robert Mc Gill
Semester
Fall

Description
Philosophy 09/20/2013 Recall that: Pre­modern worldview is geocentric World is physical and more center of the universe Conflicts with the new, 17  century science What are the roles of God and Man in a mechanistic universe? Leibniz hopes to reconcile the old and new Incorporate the mechanistic universe in a broader framework of purposefulness and divine governance Leibniz agrees with Descartes that: Thought/consciousness cannot be explained in purely physical terms The phenomena of consciousness cannot be understood as a mechanism See Sec. 17 of the Monadology No matter how complex the inner workings of a machine, nothing about them reveals what  consciousness  is So, Leibniz rejects Materialism Also, rejects Dualism The dualist maintains that there are TWO distinct substances – material and immaterial Leibniz rejects dualism because he denies the existence of material substance Contrary to most people rejecting dualism because of denying existence of immaterial substance There is only ONE type of substance, but there are ∞ many The ultimate substances = Monads Monads are NOT physical For Leibniz, matter is not real There is a disconnect between the worldas we experience it,  and a scientific explanation of the world E.g. Color Matter is, in a sense, imaginary An artifact of the human constitution Reflects things abouour  neurological makeup Bodies just are aggregates of monads whichappear to us  as extended mate
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