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Philosophy 1-24.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1070
Professor
Robert Mc Gill
Semester
Spring

Description
Philosophy 01/24/2014 Utilitarian Rule: Always do that which will result in the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. Mill’s “Proof” of Utilitarianism: Foundational principles are not susceptible to direct proof Proof requires deduction from something more functional There is  nothing  more fundamental than a found’l principle BUT, we don’t accept fundamental principles arbitrarily There are rational grounds for believing Observation/Evidence/Reasons Recall that Utilitarianism is based on Hedonism = Happiness is the highest good Happiness is the only thing desired as an end in itself If happiness is the highest good, then the RIGHT THING TO DO is to promote that good. Proof that Happiness is Desirable? To show that happiness isdesirable , we must show that it is in   desired  This is an empirical claim, testable by observation. Look around – each person does desire happiness! Proof that Happiness is    HE ONLY   Desirable thing  : People desire other things But the
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