1. Suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical attention are very bad things.
“Comparable” – a stronger thesis = it requires us to sacrifice anything with lesser value than that which is
being prevented. This is Singer’s view.
“Any” – a weaker these = it requires us only to sacrifice things with little or no value.
Motivating the 2 Premise: Three Cases
The “Shallow Pond” Case
Walking home from dinner in your fanciest clothes and you see a child drowning in shallow water. Are you
morally required to save the child and ruin the clothes? Yes.
It is obviously immoral to choose to save your expensive suit instead of the drowning child.
Something like the principle expressed in Premise 2 explains why.
The “Vintage Sedan” Case
A guy rollerblading on private property has been shot for trespassing and you are driving by in your very
nice, clean vintage sedan and see him laying there bleeding. Do you stop and pick him up and ruin your
seats with blood, or leave him and keep your car nice?
It is obviously immoral to choose to save your car interior instead of saving the man, even if he was
trespassing in the first place.