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Philosophy 1-13.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1070
Professor
Robert Mc Gill
Semester
Spring

Description
Philosophy 01/13/2014 Introduction to Ethics Philosophy – the love of wisdom From the Greek: philo = love               sophos    = wisdom Philosophy – the discipline which tries to improve our understanding of certain fundamental  intellectual problems  that resist solution Ethics asks: How should we live? What is the standard or criterion of right action? What do we mean  when we say that something is morally ‘good’ or ‘right’? Cultural institutions (state/church/social group) make claims about what is right or wrong, permissible or  impermissible. Political Philosophy asks: What social and political institutions are best? What type of community should we strive for? What is a ‘good’ society, and what roles do justice, fairness, and equality play? What is the relationship between human rights and government power? How will we approach these questions? Philosophy – the activityradically reflective theoretical thinking Radical = questions  allbeliefs; takes nothing for granted Other disciplines ask questions within a frameworassumptions  that are never questioned. E.g. The historian doesn’t question whether the past is realassumes  that the world has existed for a  long time, and that its events are discoverable. The philosopherchallenges  background assumptions. Asks: Does the past reallexist? What proof do we have? How do we know? Reflective = an open­minded,  dispassionate  search for Truth Emotions are an important part of human life, but they are not helpful in the search for truth. Philosophy attempts to avoid all bias and form beliefs purely on the basis reason . The point of doing philosophy isn’t tprove  some prior belief. Rather, it is to discover the mrationally  defensible  position. Doing philosophy r
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