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Philosophy 2-12.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1070
Professor
Robert Mc Gill
Semester
Spring

Description
Philosophy 02/12/2014 The Principles of Kantian Ethics: Categorical Imperative Act only in accordance with a maxim that you could will to become a universal law. Follow rules that you could wish EVERYONE to follow. Principle of Humanity Act in such a way as to treat humanity always as an end and never merely as a means. Respect others as sources of value. Two components of the Principle of Humanity: ­ Duty of Justice NEVER act on a maxim that uses others as a mere means. NEVER exploit, deceive or coerce others. Perfect duty = An absolute requirement; no exceptions ­ Duty of Beneficence Act on SOME maxims that foster others’ ends. Treating others as ends involves helping them achieve their ends. But, we can’t seek everything that others want – we can be selective. Imperfect duty = A duty that involves leeway and choices. Perfect Duties: ­ No exceptions; must always be observed ­ E.g. Duty not to lie, duty not to kill innocent persons, duty to keep promises ­ Duties of justice ▯ what is  right Imperfect Duties: ­ Must be observed on some occasions, at our dis
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