Philosophy of the Person II
14 January 2014
Sandel’s Doing the Right Thing: ThreeApproaches to Justice
In the first chapter of his novel, Justice, Michael Sandel examines three approaches to
justice in the modern world: welfare, freedom, and virtue. Initially, he defines justice as the way
a society “distributes the things we prize” (19).
One of the largest sacred aspects of human life is the idea of prosperity—or the ability to
thrive—which can be categorized, for example, by one’s standard of living or economic success.
This recycles into utilitarianism, which is “how and why we should maximize welfare,” or in
essence, how we can live the happiest life (19). These concepts of personal success, according to
Sandel, are directly relat