Class Notes (945,057)
US (365,280)
BC (3,741)
PHIL (312)
PHIL1090 (61)
Lecture

karl Marx.docx

by OneClass238980 , Fall 2012
4 Pages
116 Views

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL1090
Professor
Daniel Frost

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
karl Marx: the Communist Manifesto 01/28/2014
Labor theory of Value and surplus Value
Of all Marx’s thought relies on his notion of surplus value: for a capitalist to make a profit “the value of the
wages the laborers are paid must be less than the value of the out put of their labor
Thus laborers receive less than they have warned as such they are exploited
Worse then they go out and buy with their own pitiful wages frivolous commodities produced by the
exploitation of their neighbors. A vicious cycle
Marx says in “the Manifesto” “the laborer lives merely to increase the capital and is allowed to live only
insofar as the interest of the ruling class requires it.
Exploitation or Opportunity
Also underscoring all of Marx’s thought is his view that capitalism degrades the workers spirit by essentially
using him/her as another “lifeless tool of production”
Consider Marx “Owing to the extensive use of machinery and to division of labor, the work of the
proletarians has lost all individual character and consequently all charm for the workman. He becomes an
appendage of the machine and it is only the most simple most monotonous and most easily required knack,
that is required of him (handout)
A possible objection is who said work should be charming
Another objection is workers buy labor too! We often labor for someone else (a boss) in order to buy labor
(a plumber) to save ourselves labor (fixing the drain ourselves)
Marx Against Locke
Consider Locke on property (you can own yourself no one else can own you. Unclear whether you own your
own labor for Marx)
Now Marx might argue “if people are entitled o all the products of their labour then why should I profit from
the labour of my servants whom I treat like my horse”
The workers should profit no less than the employer. The problem is that there are already entrenched
systems of power/property that make al labor itself a property and the product becomes alien
It would therefore taka revolution to abolish property/ownership rights so then those who were heretofore
the bourgeoisie would become workers and those who were workers would become owners.
Marx’s Goal
Marx’s ultimate goal is a classless society that is a society in which all people become workers and where
the means of production are socially owed, and which all participate equally in making the decisions that
shape their lives
We identify our lives with our labor instead of oscillating between jobs as we choose. Hunt in the morning
fish in the afternoon herd cattle and criticize in the evening without ever becoming a hunter fisherman
shepherd or critic
The “Controversial” Passage and Marx’s “Uncomfortable Legacy”

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
karl Marx: the Communist Manifesto 01/28/2014 Labor theory of Value and surplus Value Of all Marx’s thought relies on his notion of surplus value: for a capitalist to make a profit “the value of the  wages the laborers are paid must be less than the value of the out put of their labor Thus laborers receive less than they have warned as such they are exploited Worse then they go out and buy with their own pitiful wages frivolous commodities produced by the  exploitation of their neighbors. A vicious cycle Marx says in “the Manifesto” “the laborer lives merely to increase the capital and is allowed to live only  insofar as the interest of the ruling class requires it.” Exploitation or Opportunity Also underscoring all of Marx’s thought is his view that capitalism degrades the workers spirit by essentially  using him/her as another “lifeless tool of production” Consider Marx “Owing to the extensive use of machinery and to division of labor, the work of the  proletarians has lost all individual character and consequently all charm for the workman. He becomes an  appendage of the machine and it is only the most simple most monotonous and most easily required knack,  that is required of him (handout) A possible objection is who said work should be charming Another objection is workers buy labor too! We often labor for someone else (a boss) in order to buy labor  (a plumber) to save ourselves labor (fixing the drain ourselves) Marx Against Locke Consider Locke on property (you can own yourself no one else can own you. Unclear whether you own your  own labor for Marx) Now Marx might argue “if people are entitled o all the products of their labour then why should I profit from  the labour of my servants whom I treat like my horse” The workers should profit no less than the employer. The problem is that there are already entrenched  systems of power/property that make al labor itself a property and the product becomes alien It would therefore taka revolution to abolish property/ownership rights so then those who were heretofore  the bourgeoisie would become workers and those who were workers would become owners.  Marx’s Goal Marx’s ultimate goal is a classless society that is a society in which all people become workers and where  the means of production are socially owed, and which all participate equally in making the decisions that  shape their lives We identify our lives with our labor instead of oscillating between jobs as we choose. Hunt in the morning  fish in the afternoon herd cattle and criticize in the evening without e
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit