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karl Marx.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL1090
Professor
Daniel Frost

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Description
karl Marx: the Communist Manifesto 01/28/2014 Labor theory of Value and surplus Value Of all Marx’s thought relies on his notion of surplus value: for a capitalist to make a profit “the value of the  wages the laborers are paid must be less than the value of the out put of their labor Thus laborers receive less than they have warned as such they are exploited Worse then they go out and buy with their own pitiful wages frivolous commodities produced by the  exploitation of their neighbors. A vicious cycle Marx says in “the Manifesto” “the laborer lives merely to increase the capital and is allowed to live only  insofar as the interest of the ruling class requires it.” Exploitation or Opportunity Also underscoring all of Marx’s thought is his view that capitalism degrades the workers spirit by essentially  using him/her as another “lifeless tool of production” Consider Marx “Owing to the extensive use of machinery and to division of labor, the work of the  proletarians has lost all individual character and consequently all charm for the workman. He becomes an  appendage of the machine and it is only the most simple most monotonous and most easily required knack,  that is required of him (handout) A possible objection is who said work should be charming Another objection is workers buy labor too! We often labor for someone else (a boss) in order to buy labor  (a plumber) to save ourselves labor (fixing the drain ourselves) Marx Against Locke Consider Locke on property (you can own yourself no one else can own you. Unclear whether you own your  own labor for Marx) Now Marx might argue “if people are entitled o all the products of their labour then why should I profit from  the labour of my servants whom I treat like my horse” The workers should profit no less than the employer. The problem is that there are already entrenched  systems of power/property that make al labor itself a property and the product becomes alien It would therefore taka revolution to abolish property/ownership rights so then those who were heretofore  the bourgeoisie would become workers and those who were workers would become owners.  Marx’s Goal Marx’s ultimate goal is a classless society that is a society in which all people become workers and where  the means of production are socially owed, and which all participate equally in making the decisions that  shape their lives We identify our lives with our labor instead of oscillating between jobs as we choose. Hunt in the morning  fish in the afternoon herd cattle and criticize in the evening without e
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