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Lecture

Martin Luther On Christ Liberty.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 1090
Professor
Daniel Frost

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Martin Luther On Christ Liberty 01/28/2014 The Crisis of modern thought Rene Descartes David Hume Immanuel Kant The Crisis of Christian Thought Martin Luther▯ thinks he is liberating you from the tyranny of the Church. “…Slaves to the vilest men on  earth…” Blaise Pascal Ignatius of Loyola The turn to the subject in Philosophy “The Subject” tries to make observations on “The Object.” ▯ “the water is blue, the trees are green, etc” this betokens a naive realism that we think the observations we make actually relate to the world. How do  you know your perceptions of the world actually match. Instead of studying the external world you spin it  around on the mind. “how do you know the blue you perceive in the water is actually in the water? How do you know it is not just  in your consciousness?” you see a rainbow bc of the anatomy of your eyes. in a way you created that rainbow. How do you know it  exists objectively in the real world? Does it correspond? The turn to the Subject in Theology Everyone is looking for God in the world but maybe he is in the consciousness. Birth of modern Philosophy and Theology. Before you can talk about what maybe out there you must analyze how the mind works Martin Luther Germany in 1483. Anxiety concerning his identity and purpose Augustinian monk ▯ drove him to unbearable sense of his own sinfulness Reading Paul God doesn’t require a total transformation of our impure nature “justification by faith alone” Grace/Faith not works “The just shall live by faith” ▯ Paul “It is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast” Ephesians 2:8­10 95 Theses Primary Objection: The way the Catholic Church, courtesy of Medieval scholastic philosophers (like Aquinas), had appropriated  Aristotle. In the 41  thesis oDisputation against Scholastic Theology,  Luther says, “the whole of Aristotle’s  Ethics is the worst enemy of grace” Through the efforts of people like Aquinas, the church had accepted Aristotle’s view that human nature was  capable of “cultivating a certain measure of virtue or righteousness.” But Luther felt th
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