Question: What is the relationship of piety to the gods as well as doing
what is morally right.
Casuistry: The use of clever but unsound reasoning, esp. in relation to
moral questions; sophistry.
The resolving of moral problems by the application of theoretical rules
to particular instances.
Subdiscipline of ethics.
Euthyphro’s Family Euthyphro
Father didn’t kill the servant He did kill him (omission = an act)
Even if he did kill him, the servant is a Degree of guilt not yet established
murderer and his life is not worth (Argument: Father anticipated what the
preserving. priest would say and killed the servant
whether he deserved it or not.
Even if the father was wrong, the son Loyalty to the gods trumps filial piety
should be loyal to the father
Side note: Servant was drunk therefore was he aware that he had killed a slave = Reason
for priest consultation.
Euthyphro’s Assumption: There is a relationship between ethics and the gods.
Intimately connected: Be good people/do what’s morally right (says the gods).
Intersection of Ethics and Theology (Religion).
What is Piety?
Plato: The search for a concise definition + Flexibility of application.
Criteria: Range of total applicability.
Astempts at explaining Piety
Piety= (What is loved) by the gods
What they consider to be good, beautiful, just
Dead servant in a ditch could be