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Lecture

(N1) Plato-Euthyphro.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 1090
Professor
Sarah Byers

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Euthyphro: Plato Question:  What is the relationship of piety to the gods as well as doing  what is  morally right. Casuistry:  ­The use of clever but unsound reasoning, esp. in relation to  moral         questions; sophistry.        ­The resolving of moral problems by the application of theoretical rules              to particular instances.        ­Sub­discipline of ethics. Euthyphro’s Family Euthyphro Father didn’t kill the servant  He did kill him (omission = an act) (no commission) Even if he did kill him, the servant is a  Degree of guilt not yet established murderer and his life is not worth  (Argument: Father anticipated what the  preserving. priest would say and killed the servant  whether he deserved it or not. Even if the father was wrong, the son  Loyalty to the gods trumps filial piety should be loyal to the father Filial Piety Side note: Servant was drunk therefore was he aware that he had killed a slave = Reason  for priest consultation. Euthyphro’s Assumption: ­There is a relationship between ethics and the gods. Intimately connected: Be good people/do what’s morally right (says the gods). Intersection of Ethics and Theology (Religion). What is Piety? Plato: The search for a concise definition + Flexibility of application. Criteria: Range of total applicability.  Astempts at explaining Piety 1  Attempt Piety= (What is loved) by the gods What they consider to be good, beautiful, just Dead servant in a ditch could be 
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